17O electron nuclear double resonance characterization of substrate binding to the [4Fe-4S]1+ cluster of reduced active aconitase.J Biol Chem. 1986 Apr 15; 261(11):4840-6.JB
To characterize the binding of substrate to aconitase, we have made 17O electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) measurements on reduced active ([4Fe-4S]1+) beef heart aconitase, both in H216O and H217O, in the presence of substrate and the inhibitors, tricarballylate, trans-aconitate, and 1-hydroxy-2-nitro-1, 3-propanedicarboxylate, referred to here as nitroisocitrate; the hydroxyl of the latter also was isotypically labeled with 17O. The hydroxyl oxygen of citrate and isocitrate is exchanged with solvent water by aconitase, but the hydroxyl of nitroisocitrate is not. Thus, the isotopic composition of nitroisocitrate can be chemically controlled, allowing direct identification of any 17O ENDOR signal associated with it. 17O ENDOR signals were observed from Hx17O (mean = 1 or 2) bound to the [4Fe-4S]1+ cluster in samples prepared with trans-aconitate and unlabeled nitroisocitrate. 17O-Labeled nitroisocitrate in H216O bound to the cluster showed a signal from the 17OH group; in H217O it showed 17O ENDOR resonances due to both Hx17O and 17OH of substrate. This result demonstrates that the cluster participates in substrate binding and can simultaneously coordinate the hydroxyl of a substrate (or analogue) and water (or hydroxyl). The sample with citrate in H217O showed only the Hx17O signal, although aconitase exchanges the hydroxyl of substrate with solvent water. The mechanism of action of aconitase is discussed in light of this observation. Comparison shows the ENDOR study to be in agreement with previous Mössbauer and EPR spectroscopic results.