Functional Status in Patients Requiring Nursing Home Stay After Radical Cystectomy.Urology. 2018 11; 121:39-43.U
To evaluate the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) in patients who required nursing home (NH) care after radical cystectomy (RC), as this surgery can impair patients' ability to perform ADLs in the postoperative period.
Patients undergoing RC were identified in a novel database of patients with at least two NH assessments linked with Medicare inpatient claims. The NH assessment included the Minimum Data Set (MDS)-ADL Long Form (0-28; a higher score equals greater impairment), which quantifies ADLs. Paired t-tests and chi-squared analysis were used for comparisons.
We identified 471 patients that underwent RC and had at least one MDS-ADL assessment. In total, 245 patients lived elsewhere prior to RC and went to an NH after RC, while 122 patients lived in an NH before and after RC. Mean age of the population was 80.7 years (standard deviation 5.7). Of the 245 patients who did not live in a facility before RC, 68% of patients were discharged directly to an NH and 31% were discharged to another location before NH. There was no difference in MDS-ADL score between these groups (16.4 vs 15.0, P = .09). Among the patients who lived in an NH before and after RC, the mean pre- and post-operative MDS-ADL scores were significantly different (12.1 vs 16.6, P<.0001).
ADLs, as measured by the MDS-ADL Long Form score, worsen after RC. This should be an important part of the risks and benefits conversation with patients, their families, and caregivers.