Variations in microbial community and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) dissipation in different rhizospheric compartments between low- and high-DEHP accumulating cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.).Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2018 Nov 15; 163:567-576.EE
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a typical endocrine disrupting chemical with relatively high concentrations in agricultural soils of China. Here, a rhizobox experiment was conducted to investigate the variations in microbial community and DEHP dissipation among different soil rhizospheric compartments between low (Fengyousimiao) and high (Peizataifeng) DEHP-accumulating cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in DEHP spiked soil (0, 20, 100 mg/kg). The dissipation rates of DEHP in rhizospheric soils of Peizataifeng were generally significantly higher than those of Fengyousimiao, with the highest removal rate in 0-2 mm rhizosphere. The results of Illumina-HiSeq high-throughput sequencing revealed that both bacterial and fungal diversity and community structure were significantly different in rhizospheric soils of the two cultivars. DEHP dissipation rates in 0-2 mm rhizosphere of Peizataifeng were positively correlated with bacterial and fungal diversity. The relative abundance of DEHP-degrading bacterial genera Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas and Bacillus of Peizataifeng was generally higher than those in the same rhizospheric compartment of Fengyousimiao in DEHP treatments, resulting in different rhizospheric DEHP dissipation. Cultivation of Peizataifeng in agricultural soil is promising to facilitate DEHP dissipation and ensure safety of agricultural products.