Alterations in plasma acylcarnitine and amino acid profiles may indicate poor nutrition during the suckling period due to maternal intake of an unbalanced diet and may predict later metabolic dysfunction.FASEB J 2019; 33(1):796-807FJ
Plasma profiles of acylcarnitines (ACs) and amino acids (AAs) may have interest as potential biomarkers. Here we analyzed plasma AC and AA profiles in 2 rat models with different metabolic programming outcomes: offspring of dams fed a cafeteria diet during lactation (O-CAF, with a thin-outside-fat-inside phenotype) and the offspring of dams with diet-induced obesity subjected to dietary normalization before gestation [offspring of postcafeteria dams (O-PCaf), nonaltered phenotype]. The purpose was to identify early variables that might indicate a propensity for a dysmetabolic state. O-CAF rats presented higher circulating levels of most of the lipid-derived ACs and higher hepatic expression of genes related to fatty acid oxidation (Ppara and Cpt1a) than controls [offspring of control dams (O-C)]. They also exhibited an altered plasma AA profile. These differences were not observed in O-PCaf animals. A partial least squares-discriminant analysis score plot of the metabolomics data showed a clear separation between O-CAF and O-C animals. The long-chain ACs (C18, C18:1, C18:2, C16:1, and C16DC) and the AAs glycine, alanine, isoleucine, serine, and proline are the variables mainly influencing this separation. In summary, we have identified a cluster of ACs and AAs whose alterations may indicate poor nutrition during lactation due to maternal unbalanced diet intake and predict the later dysmetabolic phenotype observed in the offspring.-Pomar, C. A., Kuda, O., Kopecky, J., Rombaldova, M., Castro, H., Picó, C., Sánchez, J., Palou, A. Alterations in plasma acylcarnitine and amino acid profiles may indicate poor nutrition during the suckling period due to maternal intake of an unbalanced diet and may predict later metabolic dysfunction.