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High intake of dietary fibre from fruit and vegetables reduces the risk of hospitalisation for diverticular disease.
Eur J Nutr. 2019 Sep; 58(6):2393-2400.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS

High intake of dietary fibres has been associated with a reduced risk of DD. However, reports on which type of dietary fibre intake that is most beneficial have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between different dietary fibres and hospitalisation due to diverticular disease (DD) of the colon.

METHODS

This was a major cohort study. The Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men were linked to the Swedish Inpatient Register and the Causes of Death Register. Data on the intake of dietary fibre were collected through questionnaires. The effect of intake (in quartiles) of different types of dietary fibre on the incidence of hospitalisation due to DD was investigated using multivariable Cox regression. Estimates were adjusted according to age, BMI, physical activity, co-morbidity, intake of corticosteroids, smoking, alcohol intake and education level.

RESULTS

Women with intake of fruit and vegetable fibres in the highest quartile (median 12.6 g/day) had a 30% decreased risk of hospitalisation compared to those with the lowest intake (4.1 g/day). Men within the highest quartile (10.3 g/day) had a 32% decreased risk compared to those with a low intake (2.9 g/day). High intake of fibres from cereals did not affect the risk.

CONCLUSION

A high intake of fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of hospitalisation due to DD. Intake of cereals did not influence the risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. mahmood.mahmood@ki.se. Department of Surgery and Urology, Danderyd University Hospital, 182 88, Stockholm, Sweden. mahmood.mahmood@ki.se.Division of Coloproctology, Center of Digestive Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.The National Institute of Environmental Medicine (IMM), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.The National Institute of Environmental Medicine (IMM), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Division of Coloproctology, Center of Digestive Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30084005

Citation

Mahmood, Mahmood W., et al. "High Intake of Dietary Fibre From Fruit and Vegetables Reduces the Risk of Hospitalisation for Diverticular Disease." European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 6, 2019, pp. 2393-2400.
Mahmood MW, Abraham-Nordling M, Håkansson N, et al. High intake of dietary fibre from fruit and vegetables reduces the risk of hospitalisation for diverticular disease. Eur J Nutr. 2019;58(6):2393-2400.
Mahmood, M. W., Abraham-Nordling, M., Håkansson, N., Wolk, A., & Hjern, F. (2019). High intake of dietary fibre from fruit and vegetables reduces the risk of hospitalisation for diverticular disease. European Journal of Nutrition, 58(6), 2393-2400. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1792-0
Mahmood MW, et al. High Intake of Dietary Fibre From Fruit and Vegetables Reduces the Risk of Hospitalisation for Diverticular Disease. Eur J Nutr. 2019;58(6):2393-2400. PubMed PMID: 30084005.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - High intake of dietary fibre from fruit and vegetables reduces the risk of hospitalisation for diverticular disease. AU - Mahmood,Mahmood W, AU - Abraham-Nordling,Mirna, AU - Håkansson,Niclas, AU - Wolk,Alicja, AU - Hjern,Fredrik, Y1 - 2018/08/06/ PY - 2018/01/21/received PY - 2018/07/19/accepted PY - 2018/8/8/pubmed PY - 2020/2/13/medline PY - 2018/8/8/entrez KW - Dietary fibres KW - Diverticular disease KW - Diverticulitis KW - Risk factors SP - 2393 EP - 2400 JF - European journal of nutrition JO - Eur J Nutr VL - 58 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: High intake of dietary fibres has been associated with a reduced risk of DD. However, reports on which type of dietary fibre intake that is most beneficial have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between different dietary fibres and hospitalisation due to diverticular disease (DD) of the colon. METHODS: This was a major cohort study. The Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men were linked to the Swedish Inpatient Register and the Causes of Death Register. Data on the intake of dietary fibre were collected through questionnaires. The effect of intake (in quartiles) of different types of dietary fibre on the incidence of hospitalisation due to DD was investigated using multivariable Cox regression. Estimates were adjusted according to age, BMI, physical activity, co-morbidity, intake of corticosteroids, smoking, alcohol intake and education level. RESULTS: Women with intake of fruit and vegetable fibres in the highest quartile (median 12.6 g/day) had a 30% decreased risk of hospitalisation compared to those with the lowest intake (4.1 g/day). Men within the highest quartile (10.3 g/day) had a 32% decreased risk compared to those with a low intake (2.9 g/day). High intake of fibres from cereals did not affect the risk. CONCLUSION: A high intake of fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of hospitalisation due to DD. Intake of cereals did not influence the risk. SN - 1436-6215 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30084005/High_intake_of_dietary_fibre_from_fruit_and_vegetables_reduces_the_risk_of_hospitalisation_for_diverticular_disease_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1792-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -