Protective Effects of Hydrogen Sulfide Against Cigarette Smoke Exposure-Induced Placental Oxidative Damage by Alleviating Redox Imbalance via Nrf2 Pathway in Rats.Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018; 48(5):1815-1828.CP
Cigarette smoke exposure (CSE) during pregnancy is a well-recognized health hazard that causes placental damage. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been reported to protect multiple organs from injury. However, the protective effects of H2S have not been tested in the placenta. This study aimed to explore the potential of H2S in protecting placenta against oxidative injury induced by CSE during pregnancy and the possible underlying mechanisms.
Pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: NaCl, NaHS (a donor of H2S), CSE and CSE+NaHS. Placental oxidative damage was detected by 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) stain and malondialdehyde (MDA) assay. Placental redox status was assessed by measuring reactive oxygen species (ROS), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and glutathione (GSH) levels, as well as copper/zinc SOD (SOD1), manganese SOD (SOD2), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities and expressions. Meanwhile, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR and Western blot.
We found that NaHS markedly reduced the elevated levels of 8-OHdG and MDA induced by CSE. Further, NaHS treatment effectively mitigated CSE-induced placental redox imbalance by inhibiting ROS production, restoring T-AOC level, increasing GSH/GSSG ratio, and augmenting SOD1 SOD2, CAT and GPx activities and expressions. More notably, NaHS administration also reversed the aberrant decrease of Nrf2 due to CSE in rat placentas.
Our data demonstrate that H2S can protect against CSE-induced placental oxidative damage probably by alleviating redox imbalance via Nrf2 pathway.