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Most children who are allergic to cow's milk tolerate yogurt.
J Int Med Res 2018; 46(12):5099-5106JI

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Cow's milk allergy is the most common food allergy in childhood. Changes occur in the protein structure of milk during yogurt fermentation. This study aimed to determine whether children who are diagnosed with a cow's milk allergy can tolerate yogurt.

METHODS

We performed a yogurt challenge test on 34 children who were diagnosed with a cow's milk allergy in our Pediatric Allergy Outpatient Clinic. The mean age of 24 male and 10 female children was 24 ± 13 months.

RESULTS

A reaction was observed in 17 (50%) patients, whereas no reaction was observed in the other 17 (50%) during an oral yogurt challenge test that was performed in all of the 34 patients with a cow's milk allergy. Cow's milk-specific immunoglobulin E levels were significantly lower in the group of children who could tolerate yogurt than in the group of children who could not tolerate yogurt.

CONCLUSION

Yogurt is tolerated by half of children with a cow's milk allergy when subjected to a challenge test performed with yogurt, which is consumed as much as milk in Turkey.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Department of Pediatric Allergy, Gaziantep University Medical Faculty, Gaziantep, Turkey.2 Department of Pediatrics, Gaziantep University Medical Faculty, Gaziantep, Turkey.1 Department of Pediatric Allergy, Gaziantep University Medical Faculty, Gaziantep, Turkey.3 Department of Pediatric Allergy, Sütçü İmam University, Medical Faculty, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.1 Department of Pediatric Allergy, Gaziantep University Medical Faculty, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30092694

Citation

Küçükosmanoğlu, Ercan, et al. "Most Children Who Are Allergic to Cow's Milk Tolerate Yogurt." The Journal of International Medical Research, vol. 46, no. 12, 2018, pp. 5099-5106.
Küçükosmanoğlu E, Özen E, Eltan SB, et al. Most children who are allergic to cow's milk tolerate yogurt. J Int Med Res. 2018;46(12):5099-5106.
Küçükosmanoğlu, E., Özen, E., Eltan, S. B., Özkars, M. Y., & Keskin, Ö. (2018). Most children who are allergic to cow's milk tolerate yogurt. The Journal of International Medical Research, 46(12), pp. 5099-5106. doi:10.1177/0300060518790430.
Küçükosmanoğlu E, et al. Most Children Who Are Allergic to Cow's Milk Tolerate Yogurt. J Int Med Res. 2018;46(12):5099-5106. PubMed PMID: 30092694.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Most children who are allergic to cow's milk tolerate yogurt. AU - Küçükosmanoğlu,Ercan, AU - Özen,Evrim, AU - Eltan,Sevgi Bilgiç, AU - Özkars,Mehmet Yaşar, AU - Keskin,Özlem, Y1 - 2018/08/09/ PY - 2018/8/11/pubmed PY - 2019/7/10/medline PY - 2018/8/11/entrez KW - Cow’s milk allergy KW - challenge test KW - children KW - skin prick test KW - specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) KW - yogurt tolerance SP - 5099 EP - 5106 JF - The Journal of international medical research JO - J. Int. Med. Res. VL - 46 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Cow's milk allergy is the most common food allergy in childhood. Changes occur in the protein structure of milk during yogurt fermentation. This study aimed to determine whether children who are diagnosed with a cow's milk allergy can tolerate yogurt. METHODS: We performed a yogurt challenge test on 34 children who were diagnosed with a cow's milk allergy in our Pediatric Allergy Outpatient Clinic. The mean age of 24 male and 10 female children was 24 ± 13 months. RESULTS: A reaction was observed in 17 (50%) patients, whereas no reaction was observed in the other 17 (50%) during an oral yogurt challenge test that was performed in all of the 34 patients with a cow's milk allergy. Cow's milk-specific immunoglobulin E levels were significantly lower in the group of children who could tolerate yogurt than in the group of children who could not tolerate yogurt. CONCLUSION: Yogurt is tolerated by half of children with a cow's milk allergy when subjected to a challenge test performed with yogurt, which is consumed as much as milk in Turkey. SN - 1473-2300 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30092694/Most_children_who_are_allergic_to_cow's_milk_tolerate_yogurt_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0300060518790430?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -