Hydrogels for biomedical applications from glycol chitosan and PEG diglycidyl ether exhibit pro-angiogenic and antibacterial activity.Carbohydr Polym 2018; 198:124-130CP
We aimed at producing a hydrogel from a chitosan (CS) derivative soluble in physiological conditions to avoid any purification step thus allowing to use the materials also as an in-situ forming material. So, we crosslinked glycol chitosan (GCS) with poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether (PEGDE) in water at 37 °C. The scaffolds, referred as GCS-PEG, were specifically designed to be used as wound dressing materials as such (after crosslinking) or as in-situ forming materials. Different amounts of PEGDE were tested. The obtained scaffolds showed macroscopic pores and a tailorable swelling in water by controlling the crosslinking degree. Moreover, GCS-PEG scaffolds displayed a significant antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. In-vivo study using the chick embryo choriallantoic membrane resulted in a highly pronounced pro-angiogenic activity suggesting important tissue regeneration properties. Moreover, the employed materials are commercially available, no organic solvents are required and the scaling up is quite predictable.