Preparation of New Risperidone Depot Microspheres Based on Novel Biocompatible Poly(Alkylene Adipate) Polyesters as Long-Acting Injectable Formulations.J Pharm Sci 2018; 107(11):2891-2901JP
Risperidone (RIS)-loaded microspheres based on poly(alkylene adipate)s derived from dicarboxylic acids and different aliphatic diols were prepared by the oil in water emulsion and solvent evaporation method. Specifically, 3 polyesters, namely poly(ethylene adipate), poly(propylene adipate), and poly(butylene adipate), were prepared with the aid of a 2-stage melt-polycondensation method and characterized by gel permeation chromatography, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), differential scanning calorimetry, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Results showed that the molecular weight of the polyesters increased as the diol molecular weight increased, while all polymers were of semi-crystalline nature and the melting temperature was varying from 49.1°C to 51.8°C and 65.9°C for poly(propylene adipate), poly(ethylene adipate), and poly(butylene adipate), respectively. The particle size of the RIS-loaded microspheres varied from 10 to 100 μm depending on the polyester type and the drug loading, while X-ray diffraction analysis revealed amorphous active pharmaceutical ingredient in the cases of high drug-loaded microspheres. In vitro drug release studies along with scanning electron microscopy images of microspheres after the completion of dissolution process showed that in all cases RIS release was controlled by the glass transition temperature of polyesters and physical state of active pharmaceutical ingredients via diffusion.