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Influence of dietary inosine and vitamin C supplementation on growth, blood chemistry, oxidative stress, innate and adaptive immune responses of red sea bream, Pagrus major juvenile.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018 Nov; 82:92-100.FS

Abstract

Both inosine (INO) and vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid, AsA) play important roles in growth performance, feed utilization and health status of fish. Therefore, a 56 days feeding trial was conducted to determine the interactive effects of dietary INO and AsA on growth performance, oxidative status, innate and adaptive immune responses of red sea bream. Fish growth performance and fed utilization parameters were significantly affected by dietary INO supplementation but not by AsA. Fish fed diets with INO at 4 g kg-1 diet in combination of high and low levels of AsA (3.1 g kg-1 and 9.3 g kg-1) produced the highest growth and feed utilization performances. In terms of growth and feed utilization performances no significant interaction effects were observed between INO and AsA. Dietary INO significantly influenced hematocrit, glucose and glutamyl oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) content of red sea bream meanwhile AsA also significantly influenced hematocrit, glucose, total cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and glutamic-pyruvate transaminase (GPT) content of the test fish. No significant interaction effects was also observed between INO and AsA on measured hematological parameters. Reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) significantly influenced by both INO and AsA. Fish fed diet groups D1, D4 and D6 showed best oxidative stress resistance. Only INO was a significant factor on nitro-blue-tetrazolium activity (NBT) and bactericidal activity (BA). Neither INO nor AsA was a significant factor on serum catalase activity (CAT), total serum protein (TSP), peroxidase activity (PA) and lysozyme activity (LA). No significant interaction effects was observed between INO and AsA on measured innate immune parameters. Agglutination antibody titer was significantly influenced by dietary supplementation, after 15 days of vaccination but not in 21 days. In the day 15th fish and diet group D3 and D5 showed significantly higher values compared to diet groups control and D1. INO was the only significant factor of increasing agglutination antibody titer in 15 t h day. While AsA was not a significant factor on agglutination antibody titer values in day 15 t h, there was an interaction between dietary INO and AsA levels. Finally under the experimental conditions, fish fed high INO and low AsA levels (4 g kg-1 and 0.31 g kg-1 diet, respectively) showed best growth and feed utilization performance. Simultaneously, low level of INO and high level of AsA (2 g kg-1 and 0.93 g kg-1 diet, respectively) improved blood chemistry and immunological parameters. Furthermore, combined use of INO and AsA is possible to improve hemato-immunological responses of red sea bream.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University, Shimoarata 4-50-20, Kagoshima, 890-0056, Japan; The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Korimoto 1-21-24, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan; Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, 3100, Bangladesh. Electronic address: fishsakhawat@yahoo.com.Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University, Shimoarata 4-50-20, Kagoshima, 890-0056, Japan; The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Korimoto 1-21-24, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan.Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University, Shimoarata 4-50-20, Kagoshima, 890-0056, Japan; The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Korimoto 1-21-24, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan.Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University, Shimoarata 4-50-20, Kagoshima, 890-0056, Japan; The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Korimoto 1-21-24, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan.Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University, Shimoarata 4-50-20, Kagoshima, 890-0056, Japan.Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University, Shimoarata 4-50-20, Kagoshima, 890-0056, Japan; The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Korimoto 1-21-24, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan.Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University, Shimoarata 4-50-20, Kagoshima, 890-0056, Japan; The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Korimoto 1-21-24, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30098446

Citation

Hossain, Md Sakhawat, et al. "Influence of Dietary Inosine and Vitamin C Supplementation On Growth, Blood Chemistry, Oxidative Stress, Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses of Red Sea Bream, Pagrus Major Juvenile." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 82, 2018, pp. 92-100.
Hossain MS, Koshio S, Ishikawa M, et al. Influence of dietary inosine and vitamin C supplementation on growth, blood chemistry, oxidative stress, innate and adaptive immune responses of red sea bream, Pagrus major juvenile. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018;82:92-100.
Hossain, M. S., Koshio, S., Ishikawa, M., Yokoyama, S., Sony, N. M., Dossou, S., & Wang, W. (2018). Influence of dietary inosine and vitamin C supplementation on growth, blood chemistry, oxidative stress, innate and adaptive immune responses of red sea bream, Pagrus major juvenile. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 82, 92-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2018.08.014
Hossain MS, et al. Influence of Dietary Inosine and Vitamin C Supplementation On Growth, Blood Chemistry, Oxidative Stress, Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses of Red Sea Bream, Pagrus Major Juvenile. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018;82:92-100. PubMed PMID: 30098446.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of dietary inosine and vitamin C supplementation on growth, blood chemistry, oxidative stress, innate and adaptive immune responses of red sea bream, Pagrus major juvenile. AU - Hossain,Md Sakhawat, AU - Koshio,Shunsuke, AU - Ishikawa,Manabu, AU - Yokoyama,Saichiro, AU - Sony,Nadia Mahjabin, AU - Dossou,Serge, AU - Wang,Weilong, Y1 - 2018/08/09/ PY - 2018/05/15/received PY - 2018/08/01/revised PY - 2018/08/07/accepted PY - 2018/8/12/pubmed PY - 2019/1/10/medline PY - 2018/8/12/entrez KW - Blood characteristics KW - Growth KW - Immune responses KW - Inosine KW - Pagrus major KW - Vitamin C SP - 92 EP - 100 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 82 N2 - Both inosine (INO) and vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid, AsA) play important roles in growth performance, feed utilization and health status of fish. Therefore, a 56 days feeding trial was conducted to determine the interactive effects of dietary INO and AsA on growth performance, oxidative status, innate and adaptive immune responses of red sea bream. Fish growth performance and fed utilization parameters were significantly affected by dietary INO supplementation but not by AsA. Fish fed diets with INO at 4 g kg-1 diet in combination of high and low levels of AsA (3.1 g kg-1 and 9.3 g kg-1) produced the highest growth and feed utilization performances. In terms of growth and feed utilization performances no significant interaction effects were observed between INO and AsA. Dietary INO significantly influenced hematocrit, glucose and glutamyl oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) content of red sea bream meanwhile AsA also significantly influenced hematocrit, glucose, total cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and glutamic-pyruvate transaminase (GPT) content of the test fish. No significant interaction effects was also observed between INO and AsA on measured hematological parameters. Reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) significantly influenced by both INO and AsA. Fish fed diet groups D1, D4 and D6 showed best oxidative stress resistance. Only INO was a significant factor on nitro-blue-tetrazolium activity (NBT) and bactericidal activity (BA). Neither INO nor AsA was a significant factor on serum catalase activity (CAT), total serum protein (TSP), peroxidase activity (PA) and lysozyme activity (LA). No significant interaction effects was observed between INO and AsA on measured innate immune parameters. Agglutination antibody titer was significantly influenced by dietary supplementation, after 15 days of vaccination but not in 21 days. In the day 15th fish and diet group D3 and D5 showed significantly higher values compared to diet groups control and D1. INO was the only significant factor of increasing agglutination antibody titer in 15 t h day. While AsA was not a significant factor on agglutination antibody titer values in day 15 t h, there was an interaction between dietary INO and AsA levels. Finally under the experimental conditions, fish fed high INO and low AsA levels (4 g kg-1 and 0.31 g kg-1 diet, respectively) showed best growth and feed utilization performance. Simultaneously, low level of INO and high level of AsA (2 g kg-1 and 0.93 g kg-1 diet, respectively) improved blood chemistry and immunological parameters. Furthermore, combined use of INO and AsA is possible to improve hemato-immunological responses of red sea bream. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30098446/Influence_of_dietary_inosine_and_vitamin_C_supplementation_on_growth_blood_chemistry_oxidative_stress_innate_and_adaptive_immune_responses_of_red_sea_bream_Pagrus_major_juvenile_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(18)30486-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -