The Effect of Organizational Justice and Trust on Job Stress in Hospital Organizations.J Nurs Scholarsh. 2018 09; 50(5):558-566.JN
The primary purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among distributive justice, procedural justice, interactional justice, job stress, cognition-based trust, and affect-based trust; the secondary purpose was to determine the effect of distributive justice, procedural justice, interactional justice, cognition-based trust, and affect-based trust on job stress in hospital organizations.
Data were collected using scales of job stress, organizational justice, and organizational trust. The study was conducted in two public hospitals in Turkey. A total of 432 health personnel participated in this study.
This study showed that both cognition-based trust and affect-based trust were significantly positively correlated to the three dimensions of organizational justice (distributive justice, procedural justice, and interactional justice), but they were significantly negatively related to job stress. According to regression analysis, organizational justice was a significant predictor for job stress.
In the working environment of hospitals, job stress and perceptions of organizational justice are significant variables that affect employees' working processes and their feelings of trust in their organization.
Reducing employees' job stress and improving their perceptions of organizational trust and organizational justice can improve their levels of cognition-based trust and affect-based trust regarding their managers. As the job stress of nurses decreases, the effectiveness of health services may increase as organizational trust and justice develop.