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Feeding and Reproductive Hosts of Spissistilus festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae) Found in Californian Vineyards.
J Econ Entomol. 2018 12 14; 111(6):2531-2535.JE

Abstract

Grapevine red blotch virus (GRBV) currently poses a serious threat to the wine industry. The three-cornered alfalfa hopper (3CAH), Spissistilus festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae), was recently shown in a greenhouse study to be a vector of GRBV in grapes. Feeding and reproductive status of 10 weed and 10 cover crop species commonly found in grape vineyards were evaluated in no-choice tests. Species confirmed as reproductive hosts were subsequently evaluated in choice tests to determine S. festinus oviposition preference. Spanish clover, dandelion, birdsfoot trefoil, common groundsel, field bindweed, magnus peas, bell beans, blando brome, purple vetch, black medick, subterranean clover, crimson clover, and woollypod vetch were all found to be reproductive hosts. The plant species that exhibited the greatest nymph emergence in each of the three groups tested for preference were all in the family Fabaceae. Knowledge of plant species present in vineyards that serve as alternative hosts for S. festinus can contribute to developing management strategies to mitigate virus spread.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA.USDA-ARS, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA.Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30107410

Citation

Preto, Cindy R., et al. "Feeding and Reproductive Hosts of Spissistilus Festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae) Found in Californian Vineyards." Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 111, no. 6, 2018, pp. 2531-2535.
Preto CR, Sudarshana MR, Zalom FG. Feeding and Reproductive Hosts of Spissistilus festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae) Found in Californian Vineyards. J Econ Entomol. 2018;111(6):2531-2535.
Preto, C. R., Sudarshana, M. R., & Zalom, F. G. (2018). Feeding and Reproductive Hosts of Spissistilus festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae) Found in Californian Vineyards. Journal of Economic Entomology, 111(6), 2531-2535. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toy236
Preto CR, Sudarshana MR, Zalom FG. Feeding and Reproductive Hosts of Spissistilus Festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae) Found in Californian Vineyards. J Econ Entomol. 2018 12 14;111(6):2531-2535. PubMed PMID: 30107410.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Feeding and Reproductive Hosts of Spissistilus festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae) Found in Californian Vineyards. AU - Preto,Cindy R, AU - Sudarshana,Mysore R, AU - Zalom,Frank G, PY - 2018/05/29/received PY - 2018/8/15/pubmed PY - 2019/5/7/medline PY - 2018/8/15/entrez SP - 2531 EP - 2535 JF - Journal of economic entomology JO - J Econ Entomol VL - 111 IS - 6 N2 - Grapevine red blotch virus (GRBV) currently poses a serious threat to the wine industry. The three-cornered alfalfa hopper (3CAH), Spissistilus festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae), was recently shown in a greenhouse study to be a vector of GRBV in grapes. Feeding and reproductive status of 10 weed and 10 cover crop species commonly found in grape vineyards were evaluated in no-choice tests. Species confirmed as reproductive hosts were subsequently evaluated in choice tests to determine S. festinus oviposition preference. Spanish clover, dandelion, birdsfoot trefoil, common groundsel, field bindweed, magnus peas, bell beans, blando brome, purple vetch, black medick, subterranean clover, crimson clover, and woollypod vetch were all found to be reproductive hosts. The plant species that exhibited the greatest nymph emergence in each of the three groups tested for preference were all in the family Fabaceae. Knowledge of plant species present in vineyards that serve as alternative hosts for S. festinus can contribute to developing management strategies to mitigate virus spread. SN - 1938-291X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30107410/Feeding_and_Reproductive_Hosts_of_Spissistilus_festinus__Say___Hemiptera:_Membracidae__Found_in_Californian_Vineyards_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -