Evaluating the thrombin generation profiles of four different rFVIII products in FVIII-deficient plasma using FIXa and FXIa activation.Haemophilia. 2018 Sep; 24(5):815-822.H
The thrombin generation assay (TGA) can be used to monitor factor replacement therapy in patients with haemophilia. The TGA assay is typically performed using tissue factor as the reaction activator; however, activating with FIXa or FXIa can enhance assay sensitivity when FVIII < 1%.
To evaluate the sensitivity of the TGA when FIXa (5 nmol/L) and FXIa (0.22 nmol/L) are used to activate the assay in platelet-poor plasma and to compare these data to the one-stage and chromogenic assays.
Plasma from 10 severe FVIII-deficient subjects was supplemented with FVIII (0%, 0.1%, 0.4%, 1.2%, 4%, 11% and 33%), using either Novo Eight® , Advate® , Eloctate® , turoctocog alfa pegol or a control standard. The one-stage and chromogenic assays quantified the FVIII levels. The TGA assay was activated using either FIXa or FXIa.
Both FIXa- and FXIa-activated TGA were sensitive across FVIII concentrations, with intra-assay coefficient of variation (CV) < 10%. The FXIa-activated assay had 25% CV at the lowest level of FVIII compared to 10% CV with FIXa activation. There were strong correlations between the FIXa- and FXIa-activated TGA tests (R2 = 0.9912) and between the one-stage and chromogenic assays (R2 = 0.9469). However, there were poor relationships between the TGA tests and one-stage and chromogenic assays.
Both FIXa- and FXIa activation results in similar TGA profiles across a FVIII range of 0.1%-33%; however, FIXa activation was more robust at the lowest levels of FVIII compared with FXIa activation.