Synthetic colloid fluids (6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 and 4% succinylated gelatin) interfere with total plasma protein measurements in vitro.Vet Clin Pathol 2018; 47(4):575-581VC
High molecular weight (MW) synthetic colloids interfere with refractometry. The effect of low MW synthetic colloids on refractometry is unknown.
To investigate the effect of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (HES) and 4% succinylated gelatin (GELO) on the refractometric measurement of total plasma protein (TPP) and colloid osmotic pressure (COP) in canine plasma.
Heparinized plasma from 10 dogs was diluted with 0.9% saline (NaCl), HES, and GELO in ratios of plasma:fluid, 9:1, 8:2, 7:3, 6:4, and 5:5. The biuret TPP (TPPb), refractometric TPP (TPPr), and COP assays were performed for all dilutions. Agreement (bias, 95% limits of agreement (LOA)) was tested between the TPPb (NaCl) and the TPPr of the NaCl, HES, and GELO plasma dilutions, and between the TPPb (NaCl) and the TPPb of the HES and GELO plasma dilutions.
A small bias (0.06 g/dL, 95% LOA -0.51 to 0.39 g/dL) existed between TPPb (NaCl) and TPPr (NaCl). A large bias was found between TPPb (NaCl) and TPPr (HES) (1.38 g/dL, 95% LOA 0.30 to 3.10 g/dL), and TPPr (GELO) (1.18 g/dL, 95% LOA 0.53 to 2.88 g/dL). A small bias was found between TPPb (NaCl) and TPPb (HES) (0.08 g/dL, 95% LOA -2.04 to 2.20 g/dL), and a large bias was found between TPPb (NaCl) and TPPb (GELO) (1.00 g/dL, 95% LOA -0.59 to 2.60 g/dL). Increasing overestimation of TPPb (NaCl) by TPPr (HES and GELO) and TPPb (GELO) occurred with increasing colloid volumes.
HES and GELO interfered with TPPr, and GELO also interfered with TPPb, in vitro. These variables should be interpreted with caution for dogs that have received these synthetic colloids.