Natural Selection and Pangenesis: The Darwinian Synthesis of Evolution and Genetics.Adv Genet 2018; 102:121-142AG
Since the end of the 19th century, Lamarck's name has been tightly linked to the notion of the inheritance of acquired characters. Darwin regarded Lamarck as a great zoologist and a forerunner of evolution, and repeatedly expressed the opinion that "natural selection has been the main but not the exclusive means of modification." The original Darwinism not only includes natural selection, but also the inheritance of acquired characters and mutation. Neo-Darwinism considers natural selection as the one controlling process of evolution, but denies the inheritance of acquired characters. Lysenkoism accepts the inheritance of acquired characters and graft hybridization, but denies the significance of Malthusism and Mutationism. It has been suggested that the "modern synthesis", which evolved from neo-Darwinism, needs a rethink. I propose that there is a need to go back to Darwin's own synthesis which combined his theory of evolution by natural selection with his theory of heredity and variation - Pangenesis.