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Important Approaches to Enhance Reverse Osmosis (RO) Thin Film Composite (TFC) Membranes Performance.
Membranes (Basel) 2018; 8(3)M

Abstract

Thin film composite (TFC) membrane, which consists of polyamide (PA) active film rests on porous support layer, has been the major type of reverse osmosis (RO) membrane since its development by Cadotte in the 1970s, and has been remarkably used to produce clean water for human consumption and domestic utilization. In the past 30 years, different approaches have been exploited to produce the TFC membrane with high water flux, excellent salt rejection, and better chlorine/fouling resistance. In this brief review, we classify the techniques that have been utilized to improve the RO-TFC membrane properties into four categories: (1) Using alternative monomers to prepare the active layer; (2) modification of membrane surface; (3) optimization of polymerization reactions; and (4) incorporation of nanoparticles (NPs) into the membrane PA layer. This review can provide insights to guide future research and further propel the RO TFN membrane.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. aaakz5@mail.missouri.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30134581

Citation

Al Mayyahi, Ahmed. "Important Approaches to Enhance Reverse Osmosis (RO) Thin Film Composite (TFC) Membranes Performance." Membranes, vol. 8, no. 3, 2018.
Al Mayyahi A. Important Approaches to Enhance Reverse Osmosis (RO) Thin Film Composite (TFC) Membranes Performance. Membranes (Basel). 2018;8(3).
Al Mayyahi, A. (2018). Important Approaches to Enhance Reverse Osmosis (RO) Thin Film Composite (TFC) Membranes Performance. Membranes, 8(3), doi:10.3390/membranes8030068.
Al Mayyahi A. Important Approaches to Enhance Reverse Osmosis (RO) Thin Film Composite (TFC) Membranes Performance. Membranes (Basel). 2018 Aug 21;8(3) PubMed PMID: 30134581.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Important Approaches to Enhance Reverse Osmosis (RO) Thin Film Composite (TFC) Membranes Performance. A1 - Al Mayyahi,Ahmed, Y1 - 2018/08/21/ PY - 2018/07/17/received PY - 2018/08/07/revised PY - 2018/08/09/accepted PY - 2018/8/24/entrez PY - 2018/8/24/pubmed PY - 2018/8/24/medline KW - interfacial polymerization (IP) KW - nanoparticles (NPs) KW - surface modification KW - thin film composite (TFC) JF - Membranes JO - Membranes (Basel) VL - 8 IS - 3 N2 - Thin film composite (TFC) membrane, which consists of polyamide (PA) active film rests on porous support layer, has been the major type of reverse osmosis (RO) membrane since its development by Cadotte in the 1970s, and has been remarkably used to produce clean water for human consumption and domestic utilization. In the past 30 years, different approaches have been exploited to produce the TFC membrane with high water flux, excellent salt rejection, and better chlorine/fouling resistance. In this brief review, we classify the techniques that have been utilized to improve the RO-TFC membrane properties into four categories: (1) Using alternative monomers to prepare the active layer; (2) modification of membrane surface; (3) optimization of polymerization reactions; and (4) incorporation of nanoparticles (NPs) into the membrane PA layer. This review can provide insights to guide future research and further propel the RO TFN membrane. SN - 2077-0375 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30134581/Important_Approaches_to_Enhance_Reverse_Osmosis__RO__Thin_Film_Composite__TFC__Membranes_Performance_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=membranes8030068 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -