Hormonal control of the replication of human fetal fibroblasts: role of somatomedin C/insulin-like growth factor I.J Cell Physiol. 1986 Jul; 128(1):47-54.JC
Sparse cultures of fetal and postnatal human fibroblasts were equivalent in their responsiveness to the mitogenic action of somatomedin C/insulin-like growth factor I (SM-C/IGF-I). At both developmental stages, the addition of SM-C/IGF-I (100 ng/ml) increased cell number at day 3 1.4-fold in serum-free medium and 2-fold in the presence of 0.25% human hypopituitary serum. Furthermore, dose-response curves indicated that there was no difference in the sensitivity of fetal and postnatal fibroblasts to the growth-promoting effects of SM-C/IGF-I, with a half-maximal response occurring at 6 ng/ml SM-C/IGF-I. This biological action of SM-C/IGF-I correlated with SM-C/IGF-I binding to fetal and postnatal fibroblast monolayers. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) also stimulated replication of fetal and postnatal fibroblasts. The mitogenic effects of SM-C/IGF-I, EGF, and PDGF were additive. Dexamethasone, which alone had no effect, was synergistic with SM-C/IGF-I in stimulating replication of postnatal fibroblasts. The combination of SM-C/IGF-I (100 ng/ml), dexamethasone (10(-7) M), EGF (10 ng/ml), and PDGF (5 ng/ml) had the same mitogenic effectiveness as 10% calf serum (CS) in postnatal cells. In marked contrast, there was no mitogenic interaction between SM-C/IGF-I and dexamethasone in fetal fibroblasts. In fetal cells, SM-C/IGF-I + EGF + PDGF +/- dexamethasone could only account for 50% of the activity of 10% CS. Moreover, fetal cells were 50-100% more responsive than postnatal cells to the proliferative effect of serum.