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Parental negative emotions are related to behavioral and pupillary correlates of infants' attention to facial expressions of emotion.
Infant Behav Dev. 2018 11; 53:101-111.IB

Abstract

Previous evidence revealed links between maternal negative emotions and infants' attention to facial expressions of emotion in clinical and community samples. This study investigated the associations between infants' attention to emotional faces and infants' and parents' negative emotions in a community sample. Infants' (N = 57, Mage = 14.26 months) fixations and pupil responses to fearful, sad, angry versus happy and neutral faces were measured with an eye-tracker. Mothers' and fathers' negative emotions (negative affect, depression, and anxiety), and infants' negative temperament were measured with questionnaires. Infants looked longer at fearful than happy or neutral faces, while they showed less pupil dilation to fearful than to happy or neutral faces. Higher levels of maternal negative emotions were related to less pupillary arousal to emotional facial expressions in infants, while paternal negative emotions did not predict infants' pupil responses. Exploratory analyses suggested a significant link between paternal but not maternal negative emotions and infants' fixations that was moderated by infant negative temperament: Higher levels of negative emotions in fathers were related to longer fixations in children with high levels of negative temperament, while it was related to shorter fixations in infants with low levels of negative temperament. The findings provide support for the idea that exposure to mothers' and fathers' negative emotions play a role on the development of infants' attention to facial expressions in typical development.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Psychology, Leiden University, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333AK Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 127, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: E.Aktar@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.Department of Population Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, Tyler, USA. Electronic address: dmandell@utsystem.edu.Department of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 127, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: W.deVente@uva.nl.Department of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 127, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: M.Majdandzic@uva.nl.Department of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 127, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: F.J.Oort@uva.nl.Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 129, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: D.R.vanRenswoude@uva.nl.Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 129, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: M.E.J.Raijmakers@uva.nl.Department of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 127, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 129, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: S.M.Bogels@uva.nl.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30139506

Citation

Aktar, Evin, et al. "Parental Negative Emotions Are Related to Behavioral and Pupillary Correlates of Infants' Attention to Facial Expressions of Emotion." Infant Behavior & Development, vol. 53, 2018, pp. 101-111.
Aktar E, Mandell DJ, de Vente W, et al. Parental negative emotions are related to behavioral and pupillary correlates of infants' attention to facial expressions of emotion. Infant Behav Dev. 2018;53:101-111.
Aktar, E., Mandell, D. J., de Vente, W., Majdandžić, M., Oort, F. J., van Renswoude, D. R., Raijmakers, M. E. J., & Bögels, S. M. (2018). Parental negative emotions are related to behavioral and pupillary correlates of infants' attention to facial expressions of emotion. Infant Behavior & Development, 53, 101-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2018.07.004
Aktar E, et al. Parental Negative Emotions Are Related to Behavioral and Pupillary Correlates of Infants' Attention to Facial Expressions of Emotion. Infant Behav Dev. 2018;53:101-111. PubMed PMID: 30139506.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parental negative emotions are related to behavioral and pupillary correlates of infants' attention to facial expressions of emotion. AU - Aktar,Evin, AU - Mandell,Dorothy J, AU - de Vente,Wieke, AU - Majdandžić,Mirjana, AU - Oort,Frans J, AU - van Renswoude,Daan R, AU - Raijmakers,Maartje E J, AU - Bögels,Susan M, Y1 - 2018/08/20/ PY - 2018/03/04/received PY - 2018/07/21/revised PY - 2018/07/29/accepted PY - 2018/8/25/pubmed PY - 2019/3/12/medline PY - 2018/8/25/entrez KW - Anxiety KW - Attention KW - Depression KW - Emotion KW - Infancy KW - Parents KW - Pupillometry SP - 101 EP - 111 JF - Infant behavior & development JO - Infant Behav Dev VL - 53 N2 - Previous evidence revealed links between maternal negative emotions and infants' attention to facial expressions of emotion in clinical and community samples. This study investigated the associations between infants' attention to emotional faces and infants' and parents' negative emotions in a community sample. Infants' (N = 57, Mage = 14.26 months) fixations and pupil responses to fearful, sad, angry versus happy and neutral faces were measured with an eye-tracker. Mothers' and fathers' negative emotions (negative affect, depression, and anxiety), and infants' negative temperament were measured with questionnaires. Infants looked longer at fearful than happy or neutral faces, while they showed less pupil dilation to fearful than to happy or neutral faces. Higher levels of maternal negative emotions were related to less pupillary arousal to emotional facial expressions in infants, while paternal negative emotions did not predict infants' pupil responses. Exploratory analyses suggested a significant link between paternal but not maternal negative emotions and infants' fixations that was moderated by infant negative temperament: Higher levels of negative emotions in fathers were related to longer fixations in children with high levels of negative temperament, while it was related to shorter fixations in infants with low levels of negative temperament. The findings provide support for the idea that exposure to mothers' and fathers' negative emotions play a role on the development of infants' attention to facial expressions in typical development. SN - 1934-8800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30139506/Parental_negative_emotions_are_related_to_behavioral_and_pupillary_correlates_of_infants'_attention_to_facial_expressions_of_emotion_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0163-6383(18)30060-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -