Evolutionary optimization of sliding mode controller for level control system.ISA Trans 2018; 83:199-213IT
This paper accords the level control of single-input-single-output (SISO) level control system based on the fusion of sliding mode control (SMC) and evolutionary techniques or bio-inspired techniques. The non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II) and multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) are considered as two evolutionary techniques. Here, a comparative analysis of performances of an optimal proportional-integral (PI) controller, proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller, conventional SMC, NSGA-II based tuned SMC and SMC parameter tuning using MOPSO algorithm has been carried out through MATLAB/SIMULINK. The objective functions, integral absolute error (IAE), integral squared error (ISE) and an integration of weighted objective function aggregated approach of the error performance indices, IAE and ISE are considered. Realistic conditions are used in a plant for testing the robustness of controller. The stability of the controller is successfully obtained which satisfies the Lyapunov stability criteria. Reduction in long settling time with tiny magnitude variations about an equilibrium point is achieved using bio-inspired techniques. The simulation as well as experimental results reveal that SMC parameter tuning based on NSGA-II algorithm gives a better performance as compared to the other design strategies.