Ozone/peroxide advanced oxidation in combination with biofiltration for taste and odour control and organics removal.Chemosphere. 2018 Dec; 212:272-281.C
The objective of this pilot-scale study was to investigate the effectiveness of incorporating ozone (O3) and advanced oxidation (hydrogen peroxide/ozone: H2O2/O3) in combination with biofiltration for taste and odour control, organic carbon removal, and disinfection byproduct (DBP) precursor reduction. Implementation of O3 and H2O2/O3 with and without biofiltration was investigated at pilot-scale in terms of geosmin, 2-methylisoborneol (MIB), and DBP precursor removal efficiency. Two media types (granular activated carbon and anthracite) were compared in conjunction with investigating the impact of pre-oxidation with O3 (2 mg/L) and varying H2O2/O3 mass ratios (0.1, 0.2, 0.35, and 0.5 mg/mg). When O3 preceded biologically active carbon (BAC) or biologically active anthracite, geosmin removals of 80% and 81%, respectively, were observed at 10 °C; this increased to 89% and 90%, respectively, at 16 °C. Optimal MIB removal (67%) was achieved with 0.1 H2O2/O3 (mg/mg) in combination with BAC at 16 °C. In general, geosmin proved to be more amenable to biodegradation than MIB. BAC without pre-oxidation removed 87% geosmin and 85% MIB, at 22 °C. MIB removals decreased to 60% and 46%, respectively at 16 °C and 10 °C. The application of 0.2 H2O2/O3 (mg/mg) prior to BAC provided treatment which effectively removed geosmin and MIB. However, in terms of DBP precursor reduction, there was no beneficial impact of H2O2 addition on trihalomethane or haloacetic acid formation potentials.