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[Epidemiological characteristics of non-A, non-B viral hepatitis with a fecal-oral transmission mechanism].
Vopr Virusol 1986 Mar-Apr; 31(2):175-9VV

Abstract

The analysis of verified cases of non-A-non-B hepatitis with the fecal-oral mode of transmission which had occurred in one of the districts of the Turkmen SSR, 1984-1985, revealed a this infection: an explosive nature of the incidence, number of epidemiological characteristics of this infection: an explosive nature of the incidence, even distribution in the territory of the district and within one residential area, predominant affection of 15-29-year-old subjects, high mortality among hepatitis-affected pregnant women, insignificant number of secondary cases in the families of index cases. The occurrence of these non-A-non-B hepatitis cases was associated with water. The results of virological and serological studies ruled out the role of hepatitis A and B viruses in the etiology of the acute hepatitis cases occurring in the area. Anti-hepatitis A IgM was detected in the blood in only 3% of the patients in 1984 and in 2% in 1985, exclusively in young patients, and HBsAg in 11% and 9%, respectively. Immune electron microscopy revealed virus-like particles 27-30 nm in diameter in fecal extracts from the patients. The antigen of non-A-non-B hepatitis virus was detected in the first days of the jaundice period in feces of 14% of the patients in 1984 and in 11% in 1985 by an enzyme-immunoassay using a test developed at the Institute of Virology of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

rus

PubMed ID

3014747

Citation

Shakhgil'dian, I V., et al. "[Epidemiological Characteristics of non-A, non-B Viral Hepatitis With a Fecal-oral Transmission Mechanism]." Voprosy Virusologii, vol. 31, no. 2, 1986, pp. 175-9.
Shakhgil'dian IV, Khukhlovich PA, Kuzin SN, et al. [Epidemiological characteristics of non-A, non-B viral hepatitis with a fecal-oral transmission mechanism]. Vopr Virusol. 1986;31(2):175-9.
Shakhgil'dian, I. V., Khukhlovich, P. A., Kuzin, S. N., Favorov, M. O., & Nedachin, A. E. (1986). [Epidemiological characteristics of non-A, non-B viral hepatitis with a fecal-oral transmission mechanism]. Voprosy Virusologii, 31(2), pp. 175-9.
Shakhgil'dian IV, et al. [Epidemiological Characteristics of non-A, non-B Viral Hepatitis With a Fecal-oral Transmission Mechanism]. Vopr Virusol. 1986;31(2):175-9. PubMed PMID: 3014747.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Epidemiological characteristics of non-A, non-B viral hepatitis with a fecal-oral transmission mechanism]. AU - Shakhgil'dian,I V, AU - Khukhlovich,P A, AU - Kuzin,S N, AU - Favorov,M O, AU - Nedachin,A E, PY - 1986/3/1/pubmed PY - 1986/3/1/medline PY - 1986/3/1/entrez SP - 175 EP - 9 JF - Voprosy virusologii JO - Vopr. Virusol. VL - 31 IS - 2 N2 - The analysis of verified cases of non-A-non-B hepatitis with the fecal-oral mode of transmission which had occurred in one of the districts of the Turkmen SSR, 1984-1985, revealed a this infection: an explosive nature of the incidence, number of epidemiological characteristics of this infection: an explosive nature of the incidence, even distribution in the territory of the district and within one residential area, predominant affection of 15-29-year-old subjects, high mortality among hepatitis-affected pregnant women, insignificant number of secondary cases in the families of index cases. The occurrence of these non-A-non-B hepatitis cases was associated with water. The results of virological and serological studies ruled out the role of hepatitis A and B viruses in the etiology of the acute hepatitis cases occurring in the area. Anti-hepatitis A IgM was detected in the blood in only 3% of the patients in 1984 and in 2% in 1985, exclusively in young patients, and HBsAg in 11% and 9%, respectively. Immune electron microscopy revealed virus-like particles 27-30 nm in diameter in fecal extracts from the patients. The antigen of non-A-non-B hepatitis virus was detected in the first days of the jaundice period in feces of 14% of the patients in 1984 and in 11% in 1985 by an enzyme-immunoassay using a test developed at the Institute of Virology of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences. SN - 0507-4088 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3014747/[Epidemiological_characteristics_of_non_A_non_B_viral_hepatitis_with_a_fecal_oral_transmission_mechanism]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/3332 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -