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Synthesis and characterization of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) ramie reinforced cassava starch hybrid composites.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2018 Dec; 120(Pt A):578-586.IJ

Abstract

This study focuses on the synthesis and characterization of CNF obtained from ramie fibers reinforced with nano PCC tapioca starch hybrid composites. CNF-ramie was prepared by using chemical-ultrasonication process, while the nano-composites were made by utilizing a casting solution and glycerol as plasticizers. Physical, mechanical, and thermal properties are characterized using SEM, FTIR, XRD, TGA, and the morphology of composite samples have been analyzed through SEM. The results show that the CS/4CNF/6PCC sample has the highest tensile strength and crystallinity index of 12.84 Mpa and 30.76% respectively. The addition of CNF-ramie and PCC in nanocomposites has increased moisture absorption, crystallinity, and thermal stability properties. The SEM micrographs indicate that the CNF-ramie is bound in a matrix and the PCC is weakly bound in the tapioca starch matrix mainly due to the calcium clumps in the matrix.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Agricultural Technology, Agricultural Polytechnic, Payakumbuh, West Sumatra 26271, Indonesia. Electronic address: edisyafri11@gmail.com.Department of Agriculture Product Technology, Andalas University Kampus Limau Manis, West Sumatra 25163, Indonesia. Electronic address: anwar_ks@yahoo.com.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Andalas University Kampus Limau Manis, West Sumatra 25163, Indonesia. Electronic address: abral@ft.unand.ac.id.Center for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials - BATAN, Kawasan Puspitek, Serpong 15314, Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia. Electronic address: sudirman@batan.go.id.Center for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials - BATAN, Kawasan Puspitek, Serpong 15314, Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia. Electronic address: grace@batan.go.id.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bengaluru 560054, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: mcemrs@gmail.com.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mataram University, Jl. Majapahit No. 62, Mataram, NTB 83126, Indonesia. Electronic address: n.herlinasari@unram.ac.id.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30165147

Citation

Syafri, Edi, et al. "Synthesis and Characterization of Cellulose Nanofibers (CNF) Ramie Reinforced Cassava Starch Hybrid Composites." International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 120, no. Pt A, 2018, pp. 578-586.
Syafri E, Kasim A, Abral H, et al. Synthesis and characterization of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) ramie reinforced cassava starch hybrid composites. Int J Biol Macromol. 2018;120(Pt A):578-586.
Syafri, E., Kasim, A., Abral, H., Sudirman, ., Sulungbudi, G. T., Sanjay, M. R., & Sari, N. H. (2018). Synthesis and characterization of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) ramie reinforced cassava starch hybrid composites. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 120(Pt A), 578-586. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.08.134
Syafri E, et al. Synthesis and Characterization of Cellulose Nanofibers (CNF) Ramie Reinforced Cassava Starch Hybrid Composites. Int J Biol Macromol. 2018;120(Pt A):578-586. PubMed PMID: 30165147.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Synthesis and characterization of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) ramie reinforced cassava starch hybrid composites. AU - Syafri,Edi, AU - Kasim,Anwar, AU - Abral,Hairul, AU - Sudirman,, AU - Sulungbudi,Grace Tj, AU - Sanjay,M R, AU - Sari,Nasmi Herlina, Y1 - 2018/08/27/ PY - 2018/05/18/received PY - 2018/07/13/revised PY - 2018/08/25/accepted PY - 2018/8/31/pubmed PY - 2019/1/5/medline PY - 2018/8/31/entrez KW - CNF-ramie KW - Hybrid nanocomposites KW - PCC SP - 578 EP - 586 JF - International journal of biological macromolecules JO - Int J Biol Macromol VL - 120 IS - Pt A N2 - This study focuses on the synthesis and characterization of CNF obtained from ramie fibers reinforced with nano PCC tapioca starch hybrid composites. CNF-ramie was prepared by using chemical-ultrasonication process, while the nano-composites were made by utilizing a casting solution and glycerol as plasticizers. Physical, mechanical, and thermal properties are characterized using SEM, FTIR, XRD, TGA, and the morphology of composite samples have been analyzed through SEM. The results show that the CS/4CNF/6PCC sample has the highest tensile strength and crystallinity index of 12.84 Mpa and 30.76% respectively. The addition of CNF-ramie and PCC in nanocomposites has increased moisture absorption, crystallinity, and thermal stability properties. The SEM micrographs indicate that the CNF-ramie is bound in a matrix and the PCC is weakly bound in the tapioca starch matrix mainly due to the calcium clumps in the matrix. SN - 1879-0003 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30165147/Synthesis_and_characterization_of_cellulose_nanofibers__CNF__ramie_reinforced_cassava_starch_hybrid_composites_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -