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The Effects of Tai Chi on Lung Function, Exercise Capacity and Health Related Quality of Life for Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Pilot Study.
Heart Lung Circ. 2019 Aug; 28(8):1206-1212.HL

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although several studies have assessed the effect of Tai Chi in management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), these studies have a wide sample variation and convey inconclusive results. This study aims to determine if a 3-month Tai Chi program improves lung function, exercise capacity, and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with COPD.

METHODS

A randomised controlled, single blind trial was undertaken. Patients were randomly allocated to either Tai Chi group (n=26) or control group (n=24). Participants in the Tai Chi group received a Tai Chi exercise program three times weekly for 3-months while participants in the control group were advised to maintain their routine activities. Outcome measures included lung function, 6-minute walk distance (6WMD) and COPD Assessment Test (CAT). The measurements took place at baseline and immediately after the 3-month intervention period.

RESULTS

Of 50 participants, 46 completed the intervention. Compared to control, Tai Chi significantly increased 6WMD (mean difference 60.5m, 95% CI 30.27-78.69), and reduced score of CAT (mean difference 14 points, 95% CI 11-24). An 86% compliance to the Tai Chi training was noted and no adverse events were observed in Tai Chi group.

CONCLUSIONS

The Tai Chi program is a safe, effective and feasible method to improve exercise capacity and health-related quality of life in people with COPD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nursing Department of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, ZunYi, China.Emergency Department of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, ZunYi, China.Physiatry Department of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, ZunYi, China. Electronic address: 2726912415@qq.com.Nursing Department of ZunYi Medical University, ZunYi, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30166260

Citation

Wang, LianHong, et al. "The Effects of Tai Chi On Lung Function, Exercise Capacity and Health Related Quality of Life for Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: a Pilot Study." Heart, Lung & Circulation, vol. 28, no. 8, 2019, pp. 1206-1212.
Wang L, Wu K, Chen X, et al. The Effects of Tai Chi on Lung Function, Exercise Capacity and Health Related Quality of Life for Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Pilot Study. Heart Lung Circ. 2019;28(8):1206-1212.
Wang, L., Wu, K., Chen, X., & Liu, Q. (2019). The Effects of Tai Chi on Lung Function, Exercise Capacity and Health Related Quality of Life for Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Pilot Study. Heart, Lung & Circulation, 28(8), 1206-1212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2018.05.204
Wang L, et al. The Effects of Tai Chi On Lung Function, Exercise Capacity and Health Related Quality of Life for Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: a Pilot Study. Heart Lung Circ. 2019;28(8):1206-1212. PubMed PMID: 30166260.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Effects of Tai Chi on Lung Function, Exercise Capacity and Health Related Quality of Life for Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Pilot Study. AU - Wang,LianHong, AU - Wu,KaiLi, AU - Chen,XiDong, AU - Liu,Qilan, Y1 - 2018/08/02/ PY - 2018/01/09/received PY - 2018/04/12/revised PY - 2018/05/25/accepted PY - 2018/9/1/pubmed PY - 2019/12/18/medline PY - 2018/9/1/entrez KW - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease KW - Exercise capacity KW - Health related quality of life KW - Lung function KW - Tai Chi SP - 1206 EP - 1212 JF - Heart, lung & circulation JO - Heart Lung Circ VL - 28 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although several studies have assessed the effect of Tai Chi in management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), these studies have a wide sample variation and convey inconclusive results. This study aims to determine if a 3-month Tai Chi program improves lung function, exercise capacity, and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with COPD. METHODS: A randomised controlled, single blind trial was undertaken. Patients were randomly allocated to either Tai Chi group (n=26) or control group (n=24). Participants in the Tai Chi group received a Tai Chi exercise program three times weekly for 3-months while participants in the control group were advised to maintain their routine activities. Outcome measures included lung function, 6-minute walk distance (6WMD) and COPD Assessment Test (CAT). The measurements took place at baseline and immediately after the 3-month intervention period. RESULTS: Of 50 participants, 46 completed the intervention. Compared to control, Tai Chi significantly increased 6WMD (mean difference 60.5m, 95% CI 30.27-78.69), and reduced score of CAT (mean difference 14 points, 95% CI 11-24). An 86% compliance to the Tai Chi training was noted and no adverse events were observed in Tai Chi group. CONCLUSIONS: The Tai Chi program is a safe, effective and feasible method to improve exercise capacity and health-related quality of life in people with COPD. SN - 1444-2892 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30166260/The_Effects_of_Tai_Chi_on_Lung_Function_Exercise_Capacity_and_Health_Related_Quality_of_Life_for_Patients_With_Chronic_Obstructive_Pulmonary_Disease:_A_Pilot_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1443-9506(18)31833-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -