Ectopic pituitary adenomas with normal anterior pituitary glands.Am J Surg Pathol. 1986 Aug; 10(8):546-52.AJ
Two patients with ectopic pituitary adenomas and biopsy-proven normal anterior pituitaries are described. Both tumors were located in the sphenoid sinus. One tumor produced prolactin, and the other one was a plurihormonal adenoma that produced predominantly adrenocorticotropin and to a lesser extent thyroid stimulating hormone and alpha subunit. The patient with the plurihormonal tumor, who had Cushing's disease, was cured by surgery while the patient with the prolactinoma was treated by surgery and medical therapy. A review of these two cases and an additional nine cases from the literature of ectopic pituitary adenomas in patients with normal intrasellar anterior pituitaries indicate that these uncommon tumors are capable of secretory function and may be the only cause of excessive pituitary hormone production.