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Military sexual trauma and suicidal behavior among National Guard personnel.
Compr Psychiatry. 2018 11; 87:1-6.CP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Preliminary evidence suggests military sexual trauma (MST) may be associated with increased risk for suicidal behaviors among active duty military personnel and veterans. Among National Guard personnel, a high-risk subgroup, MST and suicide risk have not received much empirical attention.

PURPOSE

To examine the association of MST with suicide ideation and suicide attempts among National Guard personnel.

PROCEDURES

N = 997 National Guard personnel from Idaho and Utah participated in an anonymous online survey. Weighted analyses were conducted to minimize sampling bias.

MAIN FINDINGS

9% of participants had a history of MST (6% of men, 28% of women). Among participants reporting MST, 68% reported a service member perpetrator and 44% reported a civilian perpetrator (12% reported both). A history of MST was associated with significantly increased risk for lifetime suicide attempt. MST remained a significant predictor of lifetime suicide attempt even when restricting the sample to the subgroup with a history of suicidal thoughts (n = 257, 27% of full sample). When adjusting for premilitary sexual victimization, MST was no longer significantly associated with lifetime suicide attempts, but premilitary sexual victimization was.

CONCLUSIONS

The rate of MST among National Guard personnel is comparable to rates among active duty military personnel, although the perpetrators of MST are less likely to be service members. MST is a risk factor for suicide attempts, but premilitary sexual victimization is a relatively stronger risk factor.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Veterans Studies, United States of America; The University of Utah, United States of America.National Center for Veterans Studies, United States of America; The University of Utah, United States of America.National Center for Veterans Studies, United States of America; The University of Utah, United States of America.National Center for Veterans Studies, United States of America; The University of Utah, United States of America.The University of Utah, United States of America.National Center for Veterans Studies, United States of America; The University of Utah, United States of America. Electronic address: craig.bryan@utah.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30172073

Citation

White, Kirsi L., et al. "Military Sexual Trauma and Suicidal Behavior Among National Guard Personnel." Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 87, 2018, pp. 1-6.
White KL, Harris JA, Bryan AO, et al. Military sexual trauma and suicidal behavior among National Guard personnel. Compr Psychiatry. 2018;87:1-6.
White, K. L., Harris, J. A., Bryan, A. O., Reynolds, M., Fuessel-Herrmann, D., & Bryan, C. J. (2018). Military sexual trauma and suicidal behavior among National Guard personnel. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 87, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2018.08.008
White KL, et al. Military Sexual Trauma and Suicidal Behavior Among National Guard Personnel. Compr Psychiatry. 2018;87:1-6. PubMed PMID: 30172073.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Military sexual trauma and suicidal behavior among National Guard personnel. AU - White,Kirsi L, AU - Harris,Julia A, AU - Bryan,AnnaBelle O, AU - Reynolds,Mira, AU - Fuessel-Herrmann,Dianna, AU - Bryan,Craig J, Y1 - 2018/08/18/ PY - 2018/05/09/received PY - 2018/08/13/revised PY - 2018/08/17/accepted PY - 2018/9/2/pubmed PY - 2019/6/18/medline PY - 2018/9/2/entrez SP - 1 EP - 6 JF - Comprehensive psychiatry JO - Compr Psychiatry VL - 87 N2 - BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence suggests military sexual trauma (MST) may be associated with increased risk for suicidal behaviors among active duty military personnel and veterans. Among National Guard personnel, a high-risk subgroup, MST and suicide risk have not received much empirical attention. PURPOSE: To examine the association of MST with suicide ideation and suicide attempts among National Guard personnel. PROCEDURES: N = 997 National Guard personnel from Idaho and Utah participated in an anonymous online survey. Weighted analyses were conducted to minimize sampling bias. MAIN FINDINGS: 9% of participants had a history of MST (6% of men, 28% of women). Among participants reporting MST, 68% reported a service member perpetrator and 44% reported a civilian perpetrator (12% reported both). A history of MST was associated with significantly increased risk for lifetime suicide attempt. MST remained a significant predictor of lifetime suicide attempt even when restricting the sample to the subgroup with a history of suicidal thoughts (n = 257, 27% of full sample). When adjusting for premilitary sexual victimization, MST was no longer significantly associated with lifetime suicide attempts, but premilitary sexual victimization was. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of MST among National Guard personnel is comparable to rates among active duty military personnel, although the perpetrators of MST are less likely to be service members. MST is a risk factor for suicide attempts, but premilitary sexual victimization is a relatively stronger risk factor. SN - 1532-8384 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30172073/Military_sexual_trauma_and_suicidal_behavior_among_National_Guard_personnel_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-440X(18)30138-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -