Development and application of degradation kinetics of thin layer chromatographic densitometry and conductometric methods for butoconazole nitrate determination.Ann Pharm Fr 2018; 76(6):453-463AP
Two simple methods were developed for determination of butoconazole nitrate (BN). The first developed method was stability-indicating HPTLC-densitometric method (method A) which is based on the quantitative densitometric separation of butoconazole nitrate (BN) from its degradation products on silica gel 60 F254 and measurement of the bands at 290nm. The developed stability study of BN was performed under different stress conditions including oxidative, hydrolytic, thermal and photolytic. Degradation was observed under acidic hydrolytic and oxidative conditions. Moreover, the HPTLC method was used to study the kinetics of BN acid degradation, determining as first order kinetics. The degradation rate constant of BN was found to be 0.076 hr-1 and t 1/2 value was determined at 9.12 hr in acidic medium. The second method (Method B) was conductometric method which is based on the reaction of BN with phosphotungstic acid (PTA) to form an ion associate in 50% methanol-water system. Validation of the proposed methods was carried out. All proposed methods were successfully applied for the commercial dosage form of BN. Statistical analysis of the results has been carried out revealing high accuracy and good precision.