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Determination of heavy metals and their availability to plants in soil fertilized with different waste substances.
Environ Monit Assess 2018; 190(10):567EM

Abstract

Field trials were conducted in 2004-2015, in Bałcyny, on haplic Luvisol formed out of light boulder clay. The experiment consisted of the following treatments: control (no fertilization), NPK, manure (FYM), dried pelleted sewage sludge (DPSS), composted sewage sludge (CSS), compost made from municipal sewage sludge and straw (SSCS), compost Dano made from unsorted household waste (CUHW), and compost produced from urban green waste (CUGW). Over a period of 12 years, 30 t DM/ha of each manure and composts were used, that is, 10 t DM/ha in each rotation of a crop rotation sequence. Nitrogen fertilization was kept on the same level on all experimental plots. Soil samples from the 0- to 20-cm horizon were collected after the third rotation crop, which was winter wheat harvested in 2015. It has been demonstrated that CUHW raised the soil total Cu content the highest, while the soil content of Zn was elevated the most by DPSS. The content of the remaining heavy metals (Pb, Ni, Cr, Mn, and Fe) increased as well, but to a lesser extent. The soil abundance of phytoavailable forms of copper improved even greater (from 75% when fertilized with CUGW or CSS, up to 124% when treated with CUHW). Soil content of soluble forms of such metals as Zn, Pb, Cr, Mn, and Fe changed less. The content of all analyzed heavy metals in soil (a form approximating the total content) was significantly positively correlated with the content of organic carbon (C-org.). This is the evidence for stronger adsorption of the above elements in soil richer in organic matter. On the other hand, the content of available forms of heavy metals depended more on the soil pH than on its content of C-org.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Chair of Agricultural Chemistry and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10 719, Olsztyn, Poland. jadwiga.wierzbowska@uwm.edu.pl.Department of Agrochemistry and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, 949 01, Nitra, Slovakia.Chair of Agricultural Chemistry and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10 719, Olsztyn, Poland.Chair of Agricultural Chemistry and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10 719, Olsztyn, Poland.Chair of Agricultural Chemistry and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10 719, Olsztyn, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30178215

Citation

Wierzbowska, Jadwiga, et al. "Determination of Heavy Metals and Their Availability to Plants in Soil Fertilized With Different Waste Substances." Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 190, no. 10, 2018, p. 567.
Wierzbowska J, Kovačik P, Sienkiewicz S, et al. Determination of heavy metals and their availability to plants in soil fertilized with different waste substances. Environ Monit Assess. 2018;190(10):567.
Wierzbowska, J., Kovačik, P., Sienkiewicz, S., Krzebietke, S., & Bowszys, T. (2018). Determination of heavy metals and their availability to plants in soil fertilized with different waste substances. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 190(10), p. 567. doi:10.1007/s10661-018-6941-7.
Wierzbowska J, et al. Determination of Heavy Metals and Their Availability to Plants in Soil Fertilized With Different Waste Substances. Environ Monit Assess. 2018 Sep 3;190(10):567. PubMed PMID: 30178215.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of heavy metals and their availability to plants in soil fertilized with different waste substances. AU - Wierzbowska,Jadwiga, AU - Kovačik,Peter, AU - Sienkiewicz,Stanisław, AU - Krzebietke,Sławomir, AU - Bowszys,Teresa, Y1 - 2018/09/03/ PY - 2017/10/06/received PY - 2018/08/22/accepted PY - 2018/9/5/entrez PY - 2018/9/5/pubmed PY - 2018/11/6/medline KW - Composted sewage sludge KW - Heavy metals KW - Municipal compost KW - Soil KW - Waste organic materials SP - 567 EP - 567 JF - Environmental monitoring and assessment JO - Environ Monit Assess VL - 190 IS - 10 N2 - Field trials were conducted in 2004-2015, in Bałcyny, on haplic Luvisol formed out of light boulder clay. The experiment consisted of the following treatments: control (no fertilization), NPK, manure (FYM), dried pelleted sewage sludge (DPSS), composted sewage sludge (CSS), compost made from municipal sewage sludge and straw (SSCS), compost Dano made from unsorted household waste (CUHW), and compost produced from urban green waste (CUGW). Over a period of 12 years, 30 t DM/ha of each manure and composts were used, that is, 10 t DM/ha in each rotation of a crop rotation sequence. Nitrogen fertilization was kept on the same level on all experimental plots. Soil samples from the 0- to 20-cm horizon were collected after the third rotation crop, which was winter wheat harvested in 2015. It has been demonstrated that CUHW raised the soil total Cu content the highest, while the soil content of Zn was elevated the most by DPSS. The content of the remaining heavy metals (Pb, Ni, Cr, Mn, and Fe) increased as well, but to a lesser extent. The soil abundance of phytoavailable forms of copper improved even greater (from 75% when fertilized with CUGW or CSS, up to 124% when treated with CUHW). Soil content of soluble forms of such metals as Zn, Pb, Cr, Mn, and Fe changed less. The content of all analyzed heavy metals in soil (a form approximating the total content) was significantly positively correlated with the content of organic carbon (C-org.). This is the evidence for stronger adsorption of the above elements in soil richer in organic matter. On the other hand, the content of available forms of heavy metals depended more on the soil pH than on its content of C-org. SN - 1573-2959 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30178215/Determination_of_heavy_metals_and_their_availability_to_plants_in_soil_fertilized_with_different_waste_substances_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-6941-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -