Dietary Fructose Increases the Sensitivity of Proximal Tubules to Angiotensin II in Rats Fed High-Salt Diets.Nutrients. 2018 Sep 06; 10(9)N
Dietary fructose causes salt-sensitive hypertension. Proximal tubules (PTs) reabsorb 70% of the filtered NaCl. Angiotensin II (Ang II), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and norepinephrine (NE) regulate this process. Although Ang II signaling blockade ameliorates fructose-induced salt-sensitive hypertension, basal PT Na⁺ reabsorption and its sensitivity to the aforementioned factors have not been studied in this model. We hypothesized consuming fructose with a high-salt diet selectively enhances the sensitivity of PT transport to Ang II. We investigated the effects of Ang II, ANP and NE on PT Na reabsorption in rats fed a high-salt diet drinking tap water (HS) or 20% fructose (HS-FRU). Oxygen consumption (QO₂) was used as a measure of all ATP-dependent transport processes. Na⁺/K⁺-ATPase and Na⁺/H⁺-exchange (NHE) activities were studied because they represent primary apical and basolateral transporters in this segment. The effect of 10-12 mol/L Ang II in QO₂ by PTs from HS-FRU was larger than HS (p < 0.02; n = 7). In PTs from HS-FRU 10-12 mol/L Ang II stimulated NHE activity by 2.6 ± 0.7 arbitrary fluorescence units/s (p < 0.01; n = 5) but not in those from HS. The stimulatory effect of Ang II on PT Na⁺/K⁺-ATPase activity was not affected by HS-FRU. Responses of QO₂ and NHE activity to ANP did not differ between groups. The response of QO₂ to NE was unaltered by HS-FRU. We concluded that the sensitivity of PT Na⁺ reabsorption specifically to Ang II is enhanced by HS-FRU. This maintains high rates of transport even in the presence of low concentrations of the peptide, and likely contributes to the hypertension.