GNPTAB c.2404C > T nonsense mutation in a patient with mucolipidosis III alpha/beta: a case report.BMC Med Genet. 2018 09 12; 19(1):162.BM
Mucolipidosis alpha/beta is an inborn error of metabolism characterized by deficiency of GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase, in which essential alpha/beta subunits are encoded by the GNPTAB gene. The autosomal recessive condition is due to disruptions of hydrolase mannose 6-phosphate marker generation, defective lysosomal targeting and subsequent intracellular accumulation of non-degraded material. Clinical severity depends on residual GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase activity, which distinguishes between the milder type III disease and the severe, neonatal onset type II disease.
We report the clinical, biochemical and genetic diagnosis of mucolipidosis III alpha/beta in a two-year-old Chinese boy who initially presented with poor weight gain, microcephaly and increased tone. He was confirmed to harbor the common splice site mutation c.2715 + 1G > A and the nonsense variant c.2404C > T (p.Q802*). Clinically, the patient had multiple phenotypic features typical of mucopolysaccharidosis including joint contractures, coarse facial features, kypho-lordosis, pectus carinatum and umbilical hernia. However, the relatively mild developmental delay compared to severe type I and type II mucopolysaccharidosis and the absence of macrocephaly raised the possibility of the less commonly diagnosed mucolipidosis alpha/beta. Critical roles of lysosomal enzyme activity assay, which showed elevated α-iduronidase, iduronate sulfatase, galactose-6-sulphate sulphatase, arylsulfatase B and α-hexosaminidase activities; and genetic study, which confirmed the parental origin of both mutations, were highlighted.
The recently reported nonsense variant c.2404C > T in the GNPTAB gene is further recognized and this contributes to the genotype-phenotype spectrum of mucolipidosis alpha/beta.