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Fiber and starchy foods: gut function and implications in disease.
Am J Gastroenterol. 1986 Oct; 81(10):920-30.AJ

Abstract

Increased intake of fiber and starchy foods has been recommended in the treatment or prevention of a range of diseases including dumping syndrome, hyperlipidemia, gallstones, diabetes, Crohn's disease, constipation, irritable bowel, diverticular disease, and colonic cancer. The nature and physiological effects of fiber are diverse. However in general, insoluble fibers increase fecal bulk and decrease transit time. On the other hand, soluble fibers have metabolic effects secondary to reducing the rate of small intestinal absorption. In the colon, along with undigested starch, they are largely fermented yielding short-chain fatty acids which may have further metabolic effects. At present although much further work is required, the clinical management of hyperlipidemia, diabetes, constipation, and diverticular disease have already been significantly influenced as a result of the ideas and experimental evidence generated by the fiber hypothesis.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3020970

Citation

Jenkins, D J., et al. "Fiber and Starchy Foods: Gut Function and Implications in Disease." The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 81, no. 10, 1986, pp. 920-30.
Jenkins DJ, Jenkins AL, Wolever TM, et al. Fiber and starchy foods: gut function and implications in disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 1986;81(10):920-30.
Jenkins, D. J., Jenkins, A. L., Wolever, T. M., Rao, A. V., & Thompson, L. U. (1986). Fiber and starchy foods: gut function and implications in disease. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 81(10), 920-30.
Jenkins DJ, et al. Fiber and Starchy Foods: Gut Function and Implications in Disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 1986;81(10):920-30. PubMed PMID: 3020970.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fiber and starchy foods: gut function and implications in disease. AU - Jenkins,D J, AU - Jenkins,A L, AU - Wolever,T M, AU - Rao,A V, AU - Thompson,L U, PY - 1986/10/1/pubmed PY - 1986/10/1/medline PY - 1986/10/1/entrez SP - 920 EP - 30 JF - The American journal of gastroenterology JO - Am J Gastroenterol VL - 81 IS - 10 N2 - Increased intake of fiber and starchy foods has been recommended in the treatment or prevention of a range of diseases including dumping syndrome, hyperlipidemia, gallstones, diabetes, Crohn's disease, constipation, irritable bowel, diverticular disease, and colonic cancer. The nature and physiological effects of fiber are diverse. However in general, insoluble fibers increase fecal bulk and decrease transit time. On the other hand, soluble fibers have metabolic effects secondary to reducing the rate of small intestinal absorption. In the colon, along with undigested starch, they are largely fermented yielding short-chain fatty acids which may have further metabolic effects. At present although much further work is required, the clinical management of hyperlipidemia, diabetes, constipation, and diverticular disease have already been significantly influenced as a result of the ideas and experimental evidence generated by the fiber hypothesis. SN - 0002-9270 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3020970/Fiber_and_starchy_foods:_gut_function_and_implications_in_disease_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/dietaryfiber.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -