Oral supplements in atopic dermatitis.Clin Dermatol. 2018 Sep - Oct; 36(5):653-658.CD
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common chronic inflammatory skin disorder. The disease is typified by chronic pruritus, a series of signs and symptoms associated with immune dysfunction (eg, increased immunoglobulin E mediated allergies), and abnormal skin barrier dysfunction (eg, increased response to irritants). Due to the chronic itch and reactivity, patients and parents of affected children will seek therapy. Therapies range from emollients to topical medicaments, including topical corticosteroids, and immunosuppressive agents. Due to concerns about the side effects of the available agents, patients and their loved ones will often seek "natural" agents as therapy. Oral agents that have been tried in (AD) include probiotics, vitamins, oils, and such traditional therapeutics as Chinese herbals and Ayurvedic agents. At this time probiotics may be promising, but there are inadequate data to determine their efficacy. In addition, there are significant concerns for the risks associated with Chinese herbals, which may be associated with liver failure and death, and Ayurvedic agents, which may be tainted with heavy metals. The safest and most effective natural agents are topically applied emollients.