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Differences between vegetarian and omnivorous yoga practitioners-Results of a nationally representative survey of US adult yoga practitioners.
Complement Ther Med. 2018 Oct; 40:48-52.CT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To examine the prevalence of vegetarianism among yoga practitioners, and to explore differences and similarities between yoga practitioners who also use vegetarian diet and those who do not.

DESIGN AND SETTING

Using cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (N = 34,525), weighted frequencies for 12-month prevalence of vegetarian diet use among yoga practitioners were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses were used to analyze sociodemographic and clinical predictors of vegetarian diet use.

RESULTS

A total of 1.7 million US yoga practitioners have used a vegetarian diet in the past 12 months (8.3%), compared to 2.7 million non-yoga practitioners (1.3%). Yoga practitioners who were aged between 30 and 64 years as compared to being 29 years or younger were more likely to have used a vegetarian diet in the past 12 months; while those being in a relationship (OR = 0.64), overweight (OR = 0.54), smoking (OR 0.64) or having private health insurance (OR = 0.59) were less likely. Vegetarian diet practitioners more often included meditation as part of their yoga practice and more often chose yoga because it had a holistic focus, and was perceived to treat the cause and not the symptoms of their health complaint.

CONCLUSIONS

Yoga practitioners following a vegetarian diet seem to embrace yoga more as a lifestyle than as a therapy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany; Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: h.cramer@kliniken-essen-mitte.de.Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS/OMV), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: Tobias.Sundberg@ki.se.Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany. Electronic address: D.Schumann@kliniken-essen-mitte.de.Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address: matthew.leach@unisa.edu.au.Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: Romy.Lauche@uts.edu.au.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30219468

Citation

Cramer, Holger, et al. "Differences Between Vegetarian and Omnivorous Yoga practitioners-Results of a Nationally Representative Survey of US Adult Yoga Practitioners." Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 40, 2018, pp. 48-52.
Cramer H, Sundberg T, Schumann D, et al. Differences between vegetarian and omnivorous yoga practitioners-Results of a nationally representative survey of US adult yoga practitioners. Complement Ther Med. 2018;40:48-52.
Cramer, H., Sundberg, T., Schumann, D., Leach, M. J., & Lauche, R. (2018). Differences between vegetarian and omnivorous yoga practitioners-Results of a nationally representative survey of US adult yoga practitioners. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 40, 48-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2018.07.012
Cramer H, et al. Differences Between Vegetarian and Omnivorous Yoga practitioners-Results of a Nationally Representative Survey of US Adult Yoga Practitioners. Complement Ther Med. 2018;40:48-52. PubMed PMID: 30219468.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differences between vegetarian and omnivorous yoga practitioners-Results of a nationally representative survey of US adult yoga practitioners. AU - Cramer,Holger, AU - Sundberg,Tobias, AU - Schumann,Dania, AU - Leach,Matthew J, AU - Lauche,Romy, Y1 - 2018/07/25/ PY - 2018/06/15/received PY - 2018/07/24/revised PY - 2018/07/24/accepted PY - 2018/9/17/entrez PY - 2018/9/17/pubmed PY - 2019/1/3/medline KW - Diet KW - Nutrition KW - Vegan KW - Vegetarian KW - Yoga SP - 48 EP - 52 JF - Complementary therapies in medicine JO - Complement Ther Med VL - 40 N2 - BACKGROUND: To examine the prevalence of vegetarianism among yoga practitioners, and to explore differences and similarities between yoga practitioners who also use vegetarian diet and those who do not. DESIGN AND SETTING: Using cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (N = 34,525), weighted frequencies for 12-month prevalence of vegetarian diet use among yoga practitioners were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses were used to analyze sociodemographic and clinical predictors of vegetarian diet use. RESULTS: A total of 1.7 million US yoga practitioners have used a vegetarian diet in the past 12 months (8.3%), compared to 2.7 million non-yoga practitioners (1.3%). Yoga practitioners who were aged between 30 and 64 years as compared to being 29 years or younger were more likely to have used a vegetarian diet in the past 12 months; while those being in a relationship (OR = 0.64), overweight (OR = 0.54), smoking (OR 0.64) or having private health insurance (OR = 0.59) were less likely. Vegetarian diet practitioners more often included meditation as part of their yoga practice and more often chose yoga because it had a holistic focus, and was perceived to treat the cause and not the symptoms of their health complaint. CONCLUSIONS: Yoga practitioners following a vegetarian diet seem to embrace yoga more as a lifestyle than as a therapy. SN - 1873-6963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30219468/Differences_between_vegetarian_and_omnivorous_yoga_practitioners_Results_of_a_nationally_representative_survey_of_US_adult_yoga_practitioners_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-2299(18)30564-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -