Predictors of sling revision after mid-urethral sling procedures: a case-control study.BJOG. 2019 02; 126(3):419-426.BJOG
To identify patient characteristics and surgical factors predictive of complications requiring mid-urethral sling (MUS) revision/removal.
Tertiary academic centre in Canada.
One hundred and seven women undergoing MUS revision/removal between 2005 and 2016 were matched with 214 controls by date of index MUS procedure (2:1 ratio).
Data on patient and surgical factors were obtained via manual electronic and paper chart review. Three sets of pre-specified simple and multivariable logistic regression models were fitted to: (1) examine previously reported risk factors for MUS revision after primary surgical treatment; (2) identify preoperative predictors of MUS complications requiring revision/removal; and (3) identify surgical factors associated with this outcome after adjusting for potential confounding factors.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for patient and surgical factors.
The median time to MUS revision was 153 days (interquartile range, IQR 49-432 days). Active smoking status (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.13-4.63, P = 0.03), having had a previous hysterectomy (OR 3.88, 95% CI 2.02-7.46, P < 0.01), and undergoing concomitant pelvic organ prolapse surgery at the time of the index MUS procedure (OR 2.63, 95% CI 1.32-5.52, P < 0.01) were independently associated with the need for MUS revision/removal. Sling type (obturator versus retropubic), method of tensioning (to cough versus over instrument), anaesthetic type, and estimated blood loss were not associated with this outcome in the analysis presented here.
Active smoking status, having had a previous hysterectomy, and undergoing concomitant surgery for pelvic organ prolapse are risk factors for requiring subsequent MUS revision/removal.
Risk factors for sling revision include smoking, previous hysterectomy, and concomitant prolapse surgery.