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Combination of Sensory, Chromatographic, and Chemometrics Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds for the Discrimination of Authentic and Unauthentic Harumanis Mangoes.
Molecules. 2018 Sep 16; 23(9)M

Abstract

This study analyzed the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) of three mango varieties (Harumanis, Tong Dam and Susu) for the discrimination of authentic Harumanis from other mangoes. The VOCs of these mangoes were extracted and analysed nondestructively using Head Space-Solid Phase Micro Extraction (HS-SPME) coupled to Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Prior to the analytical method, two simple sensory analyses were carried out to assess the ability of the consumers to differentiate between the Harumanis and Tong Dam mangoes as well as their preferences towards these mangoes. On the other hand, chemometrics techniques, such as principal components analysis (PCA), hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA), and discriminant analysis (DA), were used to visualise grouping tendencies of the volatile compounds detected. These techniques were successful in identifying the grouping tendencies of the mango samples according to the presence of their respective volatile compounds, thus enabling the identification of the groups of substances responsible for the discrimination between the authentic and unauthentic Harumanis mangoes. In addition, three ocimene compounds, namely beta-ocimene, trans beta-ocimene, and allo-ocimene, can be considered as chemical markers of the Harumanis mango, as these compounds exist in all Harumanis mango, regardless the different sources of the mangoes obtained.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Jengka 26400, Pahang, Malaysia. sitiraihan@pahang.uitm.edu.my.Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam 40450, Selangor, Malaysia. noras691@salam.uitm.edu.my.Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam 40450, Selangor, Malaysia. rozit471@salam.uitm.edu.my.Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam 40450, Selangor, Malaysia. zaibunnisahaiyee75@gmail.com.East Coast Environmental Research Institute, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu 21300, Malaysia. hafizanjuahir@unisza.edu.my.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30223605

Citation

Zakaria, Siti Raihan, et al. "Combination of Sensory, Chromatographic, and Chemometrics Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds for the Discrimination of Authentic and Unauthentic Harumanis Mangoes." Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 23, no. 9, 2018.
Zakaria SR, Saim N, Osman R, et al. Combination of Sensory, Chromatographic, and Chemometrics Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds for the Discrimination of Authentic and Unauthentic Harumanis Mangoes. Molecules. 2018;23(9).
Zakaria, S. R., Saim, N., Osman, R., Abdul Haiyee, Z., & Juahir, H. (2018). Combination of Sensory, Chromatographic, and Chemometrics Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds for the Discrimination of Authentic and Unauthentic Harumanis Mangoes. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 23(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23092365
Zakaria SR, et al. Combination of Sensory, Chromatographic, and Chemometrics Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds for the Discrimination of Authentic and Unauthentic Harumanis Mangoes. Molecules. 2018 Sep 16;23(9) PubMed PMID: 30223605.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Combination of Sensory, Chromatographic, and Chemometrics Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds for the Discrimination of Authentic and Unauthentic Harumanis Mangoes. AU - Zakaria,Siti Raihan, AU - Saim,Norashikin, AU - Osman,Rozita, AU - Abdul Haiyee,Zaibunnisa, AU - Juahir,Hafizan, Y1 - 2018/09/16/ PY - 2018/08/09/received PY - 2018/09/03/revised PY - 2018/09/11/accepted PY - 2018/9/19/entrez PY - 2018/9/19/pubmed PY - 2018/12/12/medline KW - Harumanis KW - Mangifera indica L. KW - VOCs KW - authentication KW - chemometrics KW - chromatographic KW - sensory analysis JF - Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Molecules VL - 23 IS - 9 N2 - This study analyzed the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) of three mango varieties (Harumanis, Tong Dam and Susu) for the discrimination of authentic Harumanis from other mangoes. The VOCs of these mangoes were extracted and analysed nondestructively using Head Space-Solid Phase Micro Extraction (HS-SPME) coupled to Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Prior to the analytical method, two simple sensory analyses were carried out to assess the ability of the consumers to differentiate between the Harumanis and Tong Dam mangoes as well as their preferences towards these mangoes. On the other hand, chemometrics techniques, such as principal components analysis (PCA), hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA), and discriminant analysis (DA), were used to visualise grouping tendencies of the volatile compounds detected. These techniques were successful in identifying the grouping tendencies of the mango samples according to the presence of their respective volatile compounds, thus enabling the identification of the groups of substances responsible for the discrimination between the authentic and unauthentic Harumanis mangoes. In addition, three ocimene compounds, namely beta-ocimene, trans beta-ocimene, and allo-ocimene, can be considered as chemical markers of the Harumanis mango, as these compounds exist in all Harumanis mango, regardless the different sources of the mangoes obtained. SN - 1420-3049 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30223605/Combination_of_Sensory_Chromatographic_and_Chemometrics_Analysis_of_Volatile_Organic_Compounds_for_the_Discrimination_of_Authentic_and_Unauthentic_Harumanis_Mangoes_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=molecules23092365 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -