Anesthetic Management of the Hypertensive Patient: Part II.Anesth Prog 2018; 65(3):206-213AP
Hypertension is an important health challenge that affects millions of people across the world today and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is critical that anesthesia providers have a working knowledge of the systemic implications of hypertension. This review article will discuss the medical definitions of hypertension, the physiology of maintaining blood pressure, outpatient treatment of hypertension, anesthetic implications, and the common medications used by anesthesia providers in the treatment of hypertension. Part I provided an overview of hypertension and blood pressure regulation. In addition, drugs predominantly affecting control of hypertension via renal mechanisms such as diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and renin-inhibiting agents were discussed. In part II, the remaining major antihypertensive medications will be reviewed as well as anesthetic implications of managing patients with hypertension.