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Male Gender and High Trait Anxiety Are 2 Major Factors Associated With Severe Dental Fear and Avoidance.

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to investigate the association between the background characteristics of patients with severe fear of dental treatment who frequently avoid dental care and the degree of difficulty in treating them. At the time of initial presentation at a dental phobia clinic, each of 321 subjects was asked to complete the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Dental Anxiety Scale, and a health questionnaire related to phobic objects. Subjects who rejected oral examination with a dental mirror were categorized as being severely difficult to treat, whereas those who were able to undergo examination were categorized as being moderately difficult to treat. In the statistical analysis, assessment items that were correlated with difficulty to treat were designated as independent variables for a logistic regression analysis. In the logistic regression analysis, significant correlations were observed for gender (male > female with adjusted odds ratio, 4.121; 95% CI, 1.96-8.65) and level of trait anxiety (2.401; 1.01-5.73). Male gender and a high trait anxiety were identified as major factors associated with severe dental fear and avoidance.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Director of Ihara Dental Clinic, Ihara Dental Clinic, Shizuoka, Japan.

    ,

    Chair and Professor of Oral Health and Clinical Science, Division of Special Needs Dentistry and Orofacial Pain, Department of Oral Health and Clinical Science, Tokyo Dental College, Tokyo, Japan.

    ,

    Director of Saita Dental Clinic, Saita Dental Clinic, Tokyo, Japan.

    Chair and Professor of Dental Anesthesiology, Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Tokyo Dental College, Tokyo, Japan.

    Source

    Anesthesia progress 65:3 2018 pg 177-180

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    30235434

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Male Gender and High Trait Anxiety Are 2 Major Factors Associated With Severe Dental Fear and Avoidance. AU - Ihara,Yoshiaki, AU - Fukuda,Ken-Ichi, AU - Saita,Naoko, AU - Ichinohe,Tatsuya, PY - 2019/03/01/pmc-release PY - 2018/9/21/entrez PY - 2018/9/21/pubmed PY - 2018/9/21/medline KW - Dental anxiety scale KW - Dental avoidance KW - Dental fear KW - Logistic regression analysis KW - State-Trait Anxiety Inventory SP - 177 EP - 180 JF - Anesthesia progress JO - Anesth Prog VL - 65 IS - 3 N2 - The purpose of this article is to investigate the association between the background characteristics of patients with severe fear of dental treatment who frequently avoid dental care and the degree of difficulty in treating them. At the time of initial presentation at a dental phobia clinic, each of 321 subjects was asked to complete the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Dental Anxiety Scale, and a health questionnaire related to phobic objects. Subjects who rejected oral examination with a dental mirror were categorized as being severely difficult to treat, whereas those who were able to undergo examination were categorized as being moderately difficult to treat. In the statistical analysis, assessment items that were correlated with difficulty to treat were designated as independent variables for a logistic regression analysis. In the logistic regression analysis, significant correlations were observed for gender (male > female with adjusted odds ratio, 4.121; 95% CI, 1.96-8.65) and level of trait anxiety (2.401; 1.01-5.73). Male gender and a high trait anxiety were identified as major factors associated with severe dental fear and avoidance. SN - 1878-7177 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30235434/Male_Gender_and_High_Trait_Anxiety_Are_2_Major_Factors_Associated_With_Severe_Dental_Fear_and_Avoidance L2 - http://www.anesthesiaprogress.org/doi/10.2344/anpr-65-03-08?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed ER -