The lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 5 regulates trophoblast cell proliferation, invasion, and migration via modulating miR-26a-5p/N-cadherin axis.J Cell Biochem 2019; 120(3):3173-3184JC
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific disease characterized by the occurrence of hypertension and proteinuria after two weeks of gestation. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as key regulators in PE development. This study aims to investigate the role of lncRNA, small nucleolar RNA host gene 5 (SNHG5), in the pathogenesis of PE. The expression of SNHG5 was significantly downregulated in placental tissues from patients with severe PE compared normal controls. Overexpression of SNHG5 promoted trophoblast (HTR-8/SVneo) cell proliferation, invasion, and migration, and flow cytometry results showed that SNHG5 overexpression inhibited apoptosis and caused a decrease of cell population at the G 0 /G 1 phase and an increase of cell population at the S phase, while knockdown of SNHG5 had the opposite effects. The interaction between SNHG5 and miR-26a-5p was predicted by bioinformatics analysis and confirmed by luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation, and miR-26a-5p was negatively regulated by SNHG5; miR-26a-5p expression was upregulated in PE placental tissues and was inversely correlated with SNHG5 expression. Furthermore, miR-26a-5p was predicted to target the 3' untranslated region of N-cadherin, which was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay, and miR-26a-5p overexpression suppressed N-cadherin expression in HTR-8/SVneo cells. N-cadherin mRNA expression was downregulated in PE placental tissues and was positively correlated with SNHG5 expression. Both overexpression of miR-26a-5p and knockdown of N-cadherin suppressed HTR-8/SVneo cell invasion and migration, and also attenuated the effects of SNHG5 on the cellular functions of HTR-8/SVneo cells. In conclusion, our study suggested that SNHG5 promotes trophoblast cell proliferation, invasion, and migration at least partly via regulating the miR-26a-5p/N-cadherin axis.