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Food Consumption Patterns of Infants and Toddlers: Findings from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016.
J Nutr. 2018 09 01; 148(suppl_3):1525S-1535S.JN

Abstract

Background

The prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes continues to increase. These conditions disproportionately affect minorities and are associated with poor nutrition early in life. Current food-consumption patterns can inform pending dietary guidelines for infants and toddlers.

Objective

The aim of this study was to describe infant feeding, complementary feeding, and food and beverage consumption patterns of 0- to 23.9-mo-olds in the general population.

Methods

The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2016 is a cross-sectional survey of caregivers of children aged <4 y. Dietary data were collected from a national random sample by using a 24-h dietary recall (n = 3235). The percentage of children consuming foods from >400 food groups was calculated. Differences in the percentage consuming between Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black children aged 0-23.9 mo were evaluated with the use of ORs and 95% CIs.

Results

Eighty-three percent of 0- to 23.9-mo-olds (n = 2635) were ever breastfed, 34% of 0- to 3.9-mo-olds (n = 305) and 15% of 4- to 5.9-mo-olds (n = 295) were exclusively breastfed, and 24% of 12- to 14.9-mo-olds (n = 412) consumed breast milk on the day of the recall. Complementary foods were more likely to be introduced before 4 mo in formula-fed infants (27%) than in infants who did not consume formula (5%). Half of 4- to 5.9-mo-olds consumed iron-fortified infant cereal, but few consumed iron-rich meats. Among toddlers (12-23.9 mo; n = 1133), >20% consumed no servings of fruit or vegetables on the day of the recall, approximately half consumed 100% fruit juice, and one-quarter to one-third consumed a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB).

Conclusions

Breastfeeding initiation and duration have improved, but exclusivity remains low. Low consumption of iron-rich foods, fruit, and vegetables and lack of variety in vegetable consumption are problems. Efforts to reduce the consumption of SSBs and 100% fruit juice are warranted in early childhood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The George Washington University, Milken Institute School of Public Health, Washington, DC.Nestlé Research, Lausanne, Switzerland.RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC.Nestlé Nutrition, Florham Park, NJ.RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC.RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC.The George Washington University, Milken Institute School of Public Health, Washington, DC.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30247583

Citation

Roess, Amira A., et al. "Food Consumption Patterns of Infants and Toddlers: Findings From the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 148, no. suppl_3, 2018, 1525S-1535S.
Roess AA, Jacquier EF, Catellier DJ, et al. Food Consumption Patterns of Infants and Toddlers: Findings from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016. J Nutr. 2018;148(suppl_3):1525S-1535S.
Roess, A. A., Jacquier, E. F., Catellier, D. J., Carvalho, R., Lutes, A. C., Anater, A. S., & Dietz, W. H. (2018). Food Consumption Patterns of Infants and Toddlers: Findings from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016. The Journal of Nutrition, 148(suppl_3), 1525S-1535S. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxy171
Roess AA, et al. Food Consumption Patterns of Infants and Toddlers: Findings From the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016. J Nutr. 2018 09 1;148(suppl_3):1525S-1535S. PubMed PMID: 30247583.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food Consumption Patterns of Infants and Toddlers: Findings from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016. AU - Roess,Amira A, AU - Jacquier,Emma F, AU - Catellier,Diane J, AU - Carvalho,Ryan, AU - Lutes,Anne C, AU - Anater,Andrea S, AU - Dietz,William H, PY - 2017/11/08/received PY - 2018/07/02/accepted PY - 2018/9/25/entrez PY - 2018/9/25/pubmed PY - 2019/7/4/medline SP - 1525S EP - 1535S JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J Nutr VL - 148 IS - suppl_3 N2 - Background: The prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes continues to increase. These conditions disproportionately affect minorities and are associated with poor nutrition early in life. Current food-consumption patterns can inform pending dietary guidelines for infants and toddlers. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe infant feeding, complementary feeding, and food and beverage consumption patterns of 0- to 23.9-mo-olds in the general population. Methods: The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2016 is a cross-sectional survey of caregivers of children aged <4 y. Dietary data were collected from a national random sample by using a 24-h dietary recall (n = 3235). The percentage of children consuming foods from >400 food groups was calculated. Differences in the percentage consuming between Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black children aged 0-23.9 mo were evaluated with the use of ORs and 95% CIs. Results: Eighty-three percent of 0- to 23.9-mo-olds (n = 2635) were ever breastfed, 34% of 0- to 3.9-mo-olds (n = 305) and 15% of 4- to 5.9-mo-olds (n = 295) were exclusively breastfed, and 24% of 12- to 14.9-mo-olds (n = 412) consumed breast milk on the day of the recall. Complementary foods were more likely to be introduced before 4 mo in formula-fed infants (27%) than in infants who did not consume formula (5%). Half of 4- to 5.9-mo-olds consumed iron-fortified infant cereal, but few consumed iron-rich meats. Among toddlers (12-23.9 mo; n = 1133), >20% consumed no servings of fruit or vegetables on the day of the recall, approximately half consumed 100% fruit juice, and one-quarter to one-third consumed a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB). Conclusions: Breastfeeding initiation and duration have improved, but exclusivity remains low. Low consumption of iron-rich foods, fruit, and vegetables and lack of variety in vegetable consumption are problems. Efforts to reduce the consumption of SSBs and 100% fruit juice are warranted in early childhood. SN - 1541-6100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30247583/Food_Consumption_Patterns_of_Infants_and_Toddlers:_Findings_from_the_Feeding_Infants_and_Toddlers_Study__FITS__2016_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jn/nxy171 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -