Bloodless Heart Surgery for an 11-kg Infant of the Jehovah's Witness Faith Undergoing Second Repair for Complete Atrioventricular Canal.J Extra Corpor Technol 2018; 50(3):184-186JE
Bloodless pediatric cardiac surgery is the intent of most surgical centers especially in the Jehovah's Witness population where it is a desire not to administer blood products because of religious belief. It is a tremendous feat, considering that most pediatric cardiovascular prime volumes are more than 20% of the patient's estimated blood volume (EBV). We report on our bloodless strategy for a 2-year old Jehovah's Witness with trisomy 21 and complete atrioventricular canal repair, who underwent atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect patch closure, pulmonary artery debanding, and pulmonary arterioplasty. We modified our circuit to reduce our prime volume to approximately 10% of the EBV and removed 200 mL of the patient's blood before surgery as acute normovolemic hemodilution. We did not alter our institutional standards for transfusion of blood and blood products. The post cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) hematocrit was 30%. We conclude that bloodless CPB surgery can be performed safely in Jehovah's Witness patients with a carefully planned interdisciplinary approach.