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School-Based Bullying and Teen Dating Violence Prevention Laws: Overlapping or Distinct?
J Interpers Violence. 2018 11; 33(21):3267-3297.JI

Abstract

The most recent legislative attempts to curb violence in schools have been school-based dating violence prevention laws. In the previous decade, there was an increase in legislation designed to prevent bullying in schools; these laws now exist in 50 states. However, most anti-bullying laws provide an expansive definition of bullying that includes any type of peer aggression, harassment, or teen dating violence (TDV). Having several different state and federal laws aimed at curtailing multiple forms of aggression may produce confusion about appropriate intervention and disciplinary responses, requiring school districts to develop parallel sets of policies, educational curricula, intervention approaches, and reporting requirements for overlapping behaviors that can be simultaneously peer aggression, bullying, harassment, and TDV. We conducted a systematic search of applicable laws and systematically coded those we identified for relevant content (i.e., definitions, covered locales, protected groups, and personnel, procedural, preventive, and disclosure elements). Anti-bullying laws were typically more detailed than dating violence laws. TDV laws were more likely to target TDV and control intimate behavior and to provide for education about healthy relationships. Both types of laws often mandated trainings; specified reportable behaviors; discussed sanctions, recommendations, and interventions; and mentioned counseling, specially trained staff persons, or designated specialists. Both anti-bullying and TDV laws also sometimes directed reporting of aggregate incident rates and impacts of prevention efforts. Neither type of law tended to specify school and community resources or prevention approaches. Results inform discussion of the merits of different approaches to school-based violence prevention laws.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ, USA.2 Montclair State University, NJ, USA.1 William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ, USA.2 Montclair State University, NJ, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30253722

Citation

Cascardi, Michele, et al. "School-Based Bullying and Teen Dating Violence Prevention Laws: Overlapping or Distinct?" Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 33, no. 21, 2018, pp. 3267-3297.
Cascardi M, King CM, Rector D, et al. School-Based Bullying and Teen Dating Violence Prevention Laws: Overlapping or Distinct? J Interpers Violence. 2018;33(21):3267-3297.
Cascardi, M., King, C. M., Rector, D., & DelPozzo, J. (2018). School-Based Bullying and Teen Dating Violence Prevention Laws: Overlapping or Distinct? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(21), 3267-3297. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518798357
Cascardi M, et al. School-Based Bullying and Teen Dating Violence Prevention Laws: Overlapping or Distinct. J Interpers Violence. 2018;33(21):3267-3297. PubMed PMID: 30253722.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - School-Based Bullying and Teen Dating Violence Prevention Laws: Overlapping or Distinct? AU - Cascardi,Michele, AU - King,Christopher M, AU - Rector,Daniel, AU - DelPozzo,Jill, PY - 2018/9/27/entrez PY - 2018/9/27/pubmed PY - 2019/10/24/medline KW - bullying KW - legal interventions KW - teen dating violence KW - youth violence SP - 3267 EP - 3297 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 33 IS - 21 N2 - The most recent legislative attempts to curb violence in schools have been school-based dating violence prevention laws. In the previous decade, there was an increase in legislation designed to prevent bullying in schools; these laws now exist in 50 states. However, most anti-bullying laws provide an expansive definition of bullying that includes any type of peer aggression, harassment, or teen dating violence (TDV). Having several different state and federal laws aimed at curtailing multiple forms of aggression may produce confusion about appropriate intervention and disciplinary responses, requiring school districts to develop parallel sets of policies, educational curricula, intervention approaches, and reporting requirements for overlapping behaviors that can be simultaneously peer aggression, bullying, harassment, and TDV. We conducted a systematic search of applicable laws and systematically coded those we identified for relevant content (i.e., definitions, covered locales, protected groups, and personnel, procedural, preventive, and disclosure elements). Anti-bullying laws were typically more detailed than dating violence laws. TDV laws were more likely to target TDV and control intimate behavior and to provide for education about healthy relationships. Both types of laws often mandated trainings; specified reportable behaviors; discussed sanctions, recommendations, and interventions; and mentioned counseling, specially trained staff persons, or designated specialists. Both anti-bullying and TDV laws also sometimes directed reporting of aggregate incident rates and impacts of prevention efforts. Neither type of law tended to specify school and community resources or prevention approaches. Results inform discussion of the merits of different approaches to school-based violence prevention laws. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30253722/School_Based_Bullying_and_Teen_Dating_Violence_Prevention_Laws:_Overlapping_or_Distinct L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260518798357?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -