Effect of organizational citizenship behavior on family-centered care: Mediating role of multiple commitment.PLoS One. 2018; 13(9):e0204747.Plos
Family-centered care is one the most important indicators of high-quality care. The organizational citizenship behavior and commitment can enhance the quality of healthcare. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the organizational citizenship behavior on family-centered care considering the mediating role of multiple commitment. This descriptive study was conducted on 237 nurses working in pediatric and infant units of hospitals in Tehran city, Iran. The subjects were selected using the convenience sampling method. Data collection was performed using the Organizational Citizenship Behavior Scale, Perceived Family-Centered Care Staff Questionnaire, Affective Commitment Scale, and Commitment to the Supervisor Scale. The SPSS v.22 and SEM-PLS v.2 software were used for data analysis. Results were extracted in the form of a standard model and fitted for indices pertaining to the measurement and structural models. Accordingly, the organizational citizenship behavior had a direct effect on family-centered care (β = 0.19, t = 2.39). Moreover, multiple commitment including commitment to the leader and commitment to the organization had indirect weak and moderate effects on the relationship between the organizational citizenship behavior and family-centered care, respectively. An inverse association was reported between commitment to the leader and family-centered care. Furthermore, the organizational citizenship behavior predicted family-centered care by 70% considering the mediating role of multiple commitment. Therefore, family-centered care as an indicator of high-quality care can be improved through enhancing the organizational citizenship behavior and organizational commitment among Iranian nurses working in pediatric wards.