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The Prevalence and Predictors of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Rural Infants in Nablus Governorate.
J Res Health Sci. 2018 Jun 13; 18(3):e00417.JR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants and young children remains a significant public health problem in most developing countries. IDA had short and long-term adverse impacts on infants' health and development. We aimed to assess the frequency of IDA and associated risk factors among infants aged between 9-12 months in rural areas of Nablus Governorate.

STUDY DESIGN

A cross-sectional study.

METHODS

The study was conducted between Jan and Mar 2015. A random sample of 654 infants aged 9-12 months were selected from thirty villages in Nablus Governorate, Central Highlands of the West Bank, north of Jerusalem. Data were collected using pre-designed structured interviewing questionnaire, complete blood count analysis and anthropometric measurements were done.

RESULTS

The prevalence of anemia and IDA among infants was 34.6%, and 32.6%, respectively. Predictors of IDA were increased in infants' age OR=1.19 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.40), maternal anemia during the third trimester OR=2.39 (95% CI: 1.55, 3.71), birth spacing less than three years OR=2.86 (95%CI: 1.58, 5.18), exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months OR=2.40 (95% CI: 1.46, 3.95), early OR=1.64 (95%CI: 1.03, 2.613) and late introduction of complementary feeding OR=2.26 (95% CI: 1.27, 4.05), and non-compliance to iron supplement in the correct frequency and duration during pregnancy OR=1.81 (95% CI: 1.19, 2.75).

CONCLUSIONS

Different dietary and non-dietary risk factors for IDA should be considered for any intervention aimed to reduce the prevalence of IDA among infants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University.rania_abualhaija@yahoo.com.Department of Epidemiology, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt.Department of Epidemiology, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt.Department of Nutrition, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30270210

Citation

Salah, Rania Wasef, et al. "The Prevalence and Predictors of Iron Deficiency Anemia Among Rural Infants in Nablus Governorate." Journal of Research in Health Sciences, vol. 18, no. 3, 2018, pp. e00417.
Salah RW, Hasab AAH, El-Nimr NA, et al. The Prevalence and Predictors of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Rural Infants in Nablus Governorate. J Res Health Sci. 2018;18(3):e00417.
Salah, R. W., Hasab, A. A. H., El-Nimr, N. A., & Tayel, D. I. (2018). The Prevalence and Predictors of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Rural Infants in Nablus Governorate. Journal of Research in Health Sciences, 18(3), e00417.
Salah RW, et al. The Prevalence and Predictors of Iron Deficiency Anemia Among Rural Infants in Nablus Governorate. J Res Health Sci. 2018 Jun 13;18(3):e00417. PubMed PMID: 30270210.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Prevalence and Predictors of Iron Deficiency Anemia among Rural Infants in Nablus Governorate. AU - Salah,Rania Wasef, AU - Hasab,Ali Abdel Halim, AU - El-Nimr,Nessrin Ahmed, AU - Tayel,Dalia Ibrahim, Y1 - 2018/06/13/ PY - 2018/04/13/received PY - 2018/06/02/accepted PY - 2018/10/2/entrez PY - 2018/10/3/pubmed PY - 2019/1/10/medline KW - Infants KW - Iron deficiency anemia KW - Mean corpuscular volume KW - Prevalence KW - Risk factors SP - e00417 EP - e00417 JF - Journal of research in health sciences JO - J Res Health Sci VL - 18 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants and young children remains a significant public health problem in most developing countries. IDA had short and long-term adverse impacts on infants' health and development. We aimed to assess the frequency of IDA and associated risk factors among infants aged between 9-12 months in rural areas of Nablus Governorate. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The study was conducted between Jan and Mar 2015. A random sample of 654 infants aged 9-12 months were selected from thirty villages in Nablus Governorate, Central Highlands of the West Bank, north of Jerusalem. Data were collected using pre-designed structured interviewing questionnaire, complete blood count analysis and anthropometric measurements were done. RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia and IDA among infants was 34.6%, and 32.6%, respectively. Predictors of IDA were increased in infants' age OR=1.19 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.40), maternal anemia during the third trimester OR=2.39 (95% CI: 1.55, 3.71), birth spacing less than three years OR=2.86 (95%CI: 1.58, 5.18), exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months OR=2.40 (95% CI: 1.46, 3.95), early OR=1.64 (95%CI: 1.03, 2.613) and late introduction of complementary feeding OR=2.26 (95% CI: 1.27, 4.05), and non-compliance to iron supplement in the correct frequency and duration during pregnancy OR=1.81 (95% CI: 1.19, 2.75). CONCLUSIONS: Different dietary and non-dietary risk factors for IDA should be considered for any intervention aimed to reduce the prevalence of IDA among infants. SN - 2228-7809 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30270210/The_Prevalence_and_Predictors_of_Iron_Deficiency_Anemia_among_Rural_Infants_in_Nablus_Governorate_ L2 - http://jrhs.umsha.ac.ir/index.php/JRHS/article/view/4051/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -