Synthesis and evaluation of 2-substituted 4(3H)-quinazolinone thioether derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors.Bioorg Med Chem. 2018 11 01; 26(20):5531-5537.BM
In the present study, a series of fourteen 2-mercapto-4(3H)-quinazolinone derivatives was synthesised and evaluated as potential inhibitors of the human monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes. Quinazolinone is the oxidised form of quinazoline, and although this class has not yet been extensively explored as MAO inhibitors, it has been shown to possess a wide variety of biological activities. Among the quinazolinone derivatives investigated, seven compounds (IC50 < 1 µM) proved to be potent and specific MAO-B inhibitors, with the most potent inhibitor, 2-[(3-iodobenzyl)thio]quinazolin-4(3H)-one, exhibiting an IC50 value of 0.142 μM. Further investigation showed that this inhibitor is a reversible and competitive inhibitor of MAO-B with a Ki value of 0.068 µM. None of the test compounds were MAO-A inhibitors. Analysis of the structure-activity relationships (SARs) for MAO-B inhibition shows that substitution on the C2 position of quinazolinone with a benzylthio moiety bearing a Cl, Br or I on the meta position yields the most potent inhibitors of the series. In contrast, substitution with the unsubstituted benzylthio moiety (IC50 = 3.03 µM) resulted in significantly weaker inhibition activity towards MAO-B. This study suggests that quinazolinones are promising leads for the development of selective MAO-B inhibitors which may be used for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease.