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Bully victimization and child and adolescent health: new evidence from the 2016 NSCH.
Ann Epidemiol. 2019 01; 29:60-66.AE

Abstract

PURPOSE

To explore whether children with diagnosable health conditions are at greater risk of bully victimization and whether, among these children, bully victimization further elevates the risk of an array of health difficulties.

METHODS

We examined a recent, nationally representative sample of children and adolescents aged 6-17 years who participated in the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. Survey data pertaining to the children and adolescents covering bully victimization, health difficulties, and diagnosable health conditions were obtained from primary caregivers.

RESULTS

The results suggest that children with diagnosable conditions are at significantly higher risk of being bullied, particularly among children with birth defects and developmental disorders (e.g., 50% or more are victims of bullying). Furthermore, the findings reveal that, among children with diagnosable conditions, those who are victims of bullying are significantly more likely to experience various health challenges, relative to nonvictims. While these findings are significant across age groups, 12- to 17-year-old youth are more likely to experience bullying in the presence of multiple developmental disorders, and when this occurs, these youth are more likely to manifest health difficulties than younger children.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings suggest that children with disabilities and chronic health conditions, who are at a significantly greater risk of being bullied, also suffer from further health difficulties when they are victimized by their peers. In conjunction with school-based interventions, primary care physicians may be ideally positioned to assess youth for victimization risk, provide counseling to youth victims, and reduce future victimization through office-based youth violence interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Criminal Justice, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, USA. Electronic address: dylan.jackson@utsa.edu.College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA.Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, Kansas State University, Manhattan, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30287165

Citation

Jackson, Dylan B., et al. "Bully Victimization and Child and Adolescent Health: New Evidence From the 2016 NSCH." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 29, 2019, pp. 60-66.
Jackson DB, Vaughn MG, Kremer KP. Bully victimization and child and adolescent health: new evidence from the 2016 NSCH. Ann Epidemiol. 2019;29:60-66.
Jackson, D. B., Vaughn, M. G., & Kremer, K. P. (2019). Bully victimization and child and adolescent health: new evidence from the 2016 NSCH. Annals of Epidemiology, 29, 60-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.09.004
Jackson DB, Vaughn MG, Kremer KP. Bully Victimization and Child and Adolescent Health: New Evidence From the 2016 NSCH. Ann Epidemiol. 2019;29:60-66. PubMed PMID: 30287165.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bully victimization and child and adolescent health: new evidence from the 2016 NSCH. AU - Jackson,Dylan B, AU - Vaughn,Michael G, AU - Kremer,Kristen P, Y1 - 2018/09/17/ PY - 2018/04/28/received PY - 2018/09/09/revised PY - 2018/09/12/accepted PY - 2018/10/6/pubmed PY - 2019/10/23/medline PY - 2018/10/6/entrez KW - Bullying KW - Chronic conditions KW - Diagnoses KW - Health challenges KW - Victim SP - 60 EP - 66 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 29 N2 - PURPOSE: To explore whether children with diagnosable health conditions are at greater risk of bully victimization and whether, among these children, bully victimization further elevates the risk of an array of health difficulties. METHODS: We examined a recent, nationally representative sample of children and adolescents aged 6-17 years who participated in the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. Survey data pertaining to the children and adolescents covering bully victimization, health difficulties, and diagnosable health conditions were obtained from primary caregivers. RESULTS: The results suggest that children with diagnosable conditions are at significantly higher risk of being bullied, particularly among children with birth defects and developmental disorders (e.g., 50% or more are victims of bullying). Furthermore, the findings reveal that, among children with diagnosable conditions, those who are victims of bullying are significantly more likely to experience various health challenges, relative to nonvictims. While these findings are significant across age groups, 12- to 17-year-old youth are more likely to experience bullying in the presence of multiple developmental disorders, and when this occurs, these youth are more likely to manifest health difficulties than younger children. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that children with disabilities and chronic health conditions, who are at a significantly greater risk of being bullied, also suffer from further health difficulties when they are victimized by their peers. In conjunction with school-based interventions, primary care physicians may be ideally positioned to assess youth for victimization risk, provide counseling to youth victims, and reduce future victimization through office-based youth violence interventions. SN - 1873-2585 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30287165/Bully_victimization_and_child_and_adolescent_health:_new_evidence_from_the_2016_NSCH_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -