Enantioselective synthesis of enantiopure chiral alcohols using carbonyl reductases screened from Yarrowia lipolytica.J Appl Microbiol 2019; 126(1):127-137JA
We aimed to explore Yarrowia lipolytica carbonyl reductases as effective biocatalysts and to develop efficient asymmetric reduction systems for chiral alcohol synthesis.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Yarrowia lipolytica carbonyl reductase genes were obtained via homologous sequence amplification strategy. Two carbonyl reductases, YaCRI and YaCRII, were identified and characterized, and used to catalyse the conversion of 2-hydroxyacetophenone (2-HAP) to optically pure (S)-1-phenyl-1,2-ethanediol. Enzymatic assays revealed that YaCRI and YaCRII exhibited specific activities of 6·96 U mg-1 (99·8% e.e.) and 7·85 U mg-1 (99·9% e.e.), respectively, and showed moderate heat resistance at 40-50°C and acid tolerance at pH 5·0-6·0. An efficient whole-cell two-phase system was established using reductase-expressing recombinant Escherichia coli. The conversion of 2-HAP (20·0 g l-1) conversion with the solvent of dibutyl phthalate was approximately 70-fold higher than in water. Furthermore, the two recombinant E. coli displayed biocatalyst activity and enantioselectivity towards several different carbonyl compounds, and E. coli BL21 (DE3)/pET-28a-yacrII showed a broad substrate spectrum.
A new whole-cell recombinant E. coli-based bioreduction system for enantiopure alcohol synthesis with high enantioselectivity at high substrate concentrations was developed.
SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY
We proposed a promising approach for the efficient preparation of enantiopure chiral alcohols.