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Dietary Intake Changes in Response to a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Trial for Various Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility Groups.
J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018 10; 50(9):931-936.JN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine dietary intake differences resulting from a sugar-sweetened beverage reduction intervention by 3 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation groups: SNAP participants (n = 56), income-eligible nonparticipants (n = 30), and income-ineligible nonparticipants (n = 60).

METHODS

Adults in southwest Virginia were enrolled in a 6-month behavioral trial. The researchers collected SNAP enrollment status and 3 24-hour dietary recalls at baseline and 6 months. Repeated-measures ANOVAs were used to assess differences in dietary intake among SNAP participation groups.

RESULTS

No significant group × time differences were found for energy density, Healthy Eating Index scores, Healthy Beverage Index scores, or intake of total calories, added sugars, and sugar-sweetened beverages. However, several within-group improvements were noted: income-ineligible nonparticipants and SNAP participants improved in more areas compared with income-eligible nonparticipants, including intake of total calories, added sugars, and sugar-sweetened beverages.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

This exploratory analysis suggests that the overall effectiveness of a sugar-sweetened beverage intake reduction intervention was not influenced by SNAP eligibility and participation status, because there were no significant group by time differences over the intervention. It is important to recognize for future programs that different approaches to improving dietary intake may be needed to match the characteristics of this audience better. This may be accomplished by attempting to decrease the disparity gap between income-eligible nonparticipants and those receiving SNAP or who are income ineligible through the use of programs such as SIPsmartER.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Department of Public Health Sciences, Cancer Center Without Walls, University of Virginia, Christiansburg, VA.Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA. Electronic address: vhedrick@vt.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30297018

Citation

Bremer, Molly C., et al. "Dietary Intake Changes in Response to a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Trial for Various Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility Groups." Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 50, no. 9, 2018, pp. 931-936.
Bremer MC, Zoellner JM, Misyak SA, et al. Dietary Intake Changes in Response to a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Trial for Various Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility Groups. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018;50(9):931-936.
Bremer, M. C., Zoellner, J. M., Misyak, S. A., & Hedrick, V. E. (2018). Dietary Intake Changes in Response to a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Trial for Various Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility Groups. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 50(9), 931-936. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2018.07.010
Bremer MC, et al. Dietary Intake Changes in Response to a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Trial for Various Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility Groups. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018;50(9):931-936. PubMed PMID: 30297018.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Intake Changes in Response to a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Trial for Various Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility Groups. AU - Bremer,Molly C, AU - Zoellner,Jamie M, AU - Misyak,Sarah A, AU - Hedrick,Valisa E, PY - 2017/11/13/received PY - 2018/07/03/revised PY - 2018/07/16/accepted PY - 2018/10/10/entrez PY - 2018/10/10/pubmed PY - 2019/12/18/medline KW - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program KW - diet quality KW - food assistance KW - sugar-sweetened beverages SP - 931 EP - 936 JF - Journal of nutrition education and behavior JO - J Nutr Educ Behav VL - 50 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine dietary intake differences resulting from a sugar-sweetened beverage reduction intervention by 3 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation groups: SNAP participants (n = 56), income-eligible nonparticipants (n = 30), and income-ineligible nonparticipants (n = 60). METHODS: Adults in southwest Virginia were enrolled in a 6-month behavioral trial. The researchers collected SNAP enrollment status and 3 24-hour dietary recalls at baseline and 6 months. Repeated-measures ANOVAs were used to assess differences in dietary intake among SNAP participation groups. RESULTS: No significant group × time differences were found for energy density, Healthy Eating Index scores, Healthy Beverage Index scores, or intake of total calories, added sugars, and sugar-sweetened beverages. However, several within-group improvements were noted: income-ineligible nonparticipants and SNAP participants improved in more areas compared with income-eligible nonparticipants, including intake of total calories, added sugars, and sugar-sweetened beverages. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: This exploratory analysis suggests that the overall effectiveness of a sugar-sweetened beverage intake reduction intervention was not influenced by SNAP eligibility and participation status, because there were no significant group by time differences over the intervention. It is important to recognize for future programs that different approaches to improving dietary intake may be needed to match the characteristics of this audience better. This may be accomplished by attempting to decrease the disparity gap between income-eligible nonparticipants and those receiving SNAP or who are income ineligible through the use of programs such as SIPsmartER. SN - 1878-2620 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30297018/Dietary_Intake_Changes_in_Response_to_a_Sugar_Sweetened_Beverage_Reduction_Trial_for_Various_Supplemental_Nutrition_Assistance_Program__SNAP__Eligibility_Groups_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1499-4046(18)30677-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -