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Microplastics disturb the anthozoan-algae symbiotic relationship.
Mar Pollut Bull. 2018 Oct; 135:83-89.MP

Abstract

World production of plastic has dramatically increased from the 1950's and now it reaches approximately 311 million tons per year. The resulting accumulation of small plastic detritus less than 5 mm in size, termed "microplastics", has started threatening the life cycles of marine organisms. Here we show the first evidence that microplastics disturb the initiation of symbiotic relationships in anthozoan-algae symbiosis. We found in both the aposymbiotic sea-anemone Aiptasia sp. and the coral Favites chinensis that the infectivity of symbiotic algae into the host is severely suppressed by microspheres fed either directly or indirectly through microsphere-fed Artemia sp. Similar trends were seen when microplastics collected from commercial facewash were used instead of microspheres. Therefore, ongoing accumulation of microplastics in the ocean might disturb the healthy anthozoan-algae symbiotic relationships, which are cornerstones of the biologically enriched coral reef ecosystem.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Economics, Tokyo Keizai University, 1-7-34 Minamimachi, Kokubunji, Tokyo 185-8502, Japan. Electronic address: nokubo@tku.ac.jp.Division of Environmental Photobiology, National Institute for Basic Biology, Nishigonaka 38, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8585, Japan.Tropical Biosphere Research Center, Sesoko Station, Ryukyu University, Motobu, Okinawa 905-0227, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30301104

Citation

Okubo, Nami, et al. "Microplastics Disturb the Anthozoan-algae Symbiotic Relationship." Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 135, 2018, pp. 83-89.
Okubo N, Takahashi S, Nakano Y. Microplastics disturb the anthozoan-algae symbiotic relationship. Mar Pollut Bull. 2018;135:83-89.
Okubo, N., Takahashi, S., & Nakano, Y. (2018). Microplastics disturb the anthozoan-algae symbiotic relationship. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 135, 83-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.07.016
Okubo N, Takahashi S, Nakano Y. Microplastics Disturb the Anthozoan-algae Symbiotic Relationship. Mar Pollut Bull. 2018;135:83-89. PubMed PMID: 30301104.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Microplastics disturb the anthozoan-algae symbiotic relationship. AU - Okubo,Nami, AU - Takahashi,Shunichi, AU - Nakano,Yoshikatsu, Y1 - 2018/07/07/ PY - 2018/05/12/received PY - 2018/07/02/revised PY - 2018/07/03/accepted PY - 2018/10/11/entrez PY - 2018/10/12/pubmed PY - 2018/12/18/medline KW - Coral KW - Microplastics KW - Sea anemone KW - Symbiodinium KW - Symbiosis SP - 83 EP - 89 JF - Marine pollution bulletin JO - Mar Pollut Bull VL - 135 N2 - World production of plastic has dramatically increased from the 1950's and now it reaches approximately 311 million tons per year. The resulting accumulation of small plastic detritus less than 5 mm in size, termed "microplastics", has started threatening the life cycles of marine organisms. Here we show the first evidence that microplastics disturb the initiation of symbiotic relationships in anthozoan-algae symbiosis. We found in both the aposymbiotic sea-anemone Aiptasia sp. and the coral Favites chinensis that the infectivity of symbiotic algae into the host is severely suppressed by microspheres fed either directly or indirectly through microsphere-fed Artemia sp. Similar trends were seen when microplastics collected from commercial facewash were used instead of microspheres. Therefore, ongoing accumulation of microplastics in the ocean might disturb the healthy anthozoan-algae symbiotic relationships, which are cornerstones of the biologically enriched coral reef ecosystem. SN - 1879-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30301104/Microplastics_disturb_the_anthozoan_algae_symbiotic_relationship_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-326X(18)30487-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -