The Sign of Leser-Trelát and Malignant Acanthosis Nigricans Associated With Fallopian Tube Carcinoma.Obstet Gynecol. 2018 11; 132(5):1116-1119.OG
The sign of Leser-Trelát is controversial and rarely reported in gynecologic malignancies. It is characterized by rapid development of new or enlarging seborrheic keratoses.
A 78-year-old woman presented with unintentional weight loss and new-onset erythematous patches and plaques with thickened, rugated skin and stuck-on brown waxy papules on the chest and back. Her symptoms were concerning for a paraneoplastic eruption; workup revealed an elevated CA 125 level and an ovarian mass on abdominal computed tomography scan. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a stage IIIC serous fallopian tube carcinoma and a synchronous low-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
The sign of Leser-Trelát can be associated with fallopian tube carcinoma. When recognized, paraneoplastic dermatoses can prompt clinicians to initiate a workup for occult malignancy.