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Religiousness is associated with lower levels of anxiety, but not depression, in medical and nursing students.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018; 64(6):537-542RA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the association between religious and spiritual beliefs, anxiety and depression in medical and nursing students.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was carried out with medical and nursing students from a Brazilian university. Students were randomly selected and filled out a questionnaire that contained sociodemographic, religious (Duke Religion Index), spirituality (Self-spirituality rating scale) and mental health - depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) data. Linear regression models were used to evaluate the association of R/E with mental health, with adjustments for sociodemographic variables.

RESULTS

A total of 187 students (90.7%) were included in the study, 56.1% female, an average of 23 years old, and 69% were enrolled in the medical program. Of the students, 29.4% attended religious services once a week or more often, 10.7% had private religious activities once a day or more often, and the indexes of intrinsic religiosity and spirituality were moderate. In the linear regression, adjusted for sociodemographic variables, the religious attendance was the only factor associated with lower levels of anxiety (Beta: -0.178, p=0.026). The other dimensions of religiousness or spirituality were not associated with levels of anxiety and depression.

CONCLUSIONS

The present study showed that only the religious attendance was associated with the mental health of the medical and nursing students. These results demonstrate that some students use religious support in an attempt to minimize the negative effects of their university life. This support seems to be more effective when it involves participation in religious social activities in relation to private activities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro - UFTM, Uberaba, MG, Brasil.Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro - UFTM, Uberaba, MG, Brasil.Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro - UFTM, Uberaba, MG, Brasil.Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro - UFTM, Uberaba, MG, Brasil.Federal University of Juiz de Fora - UFJF, Juiz de Fora, MG Brasil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30304312

Citation

Gonçalves, Jurema Ribeiro Luiz, et al. "Religiousness Is Associated With Lower Levels of Anxiety, but Not Depression, in Medical and Nursing Students." Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992), vol. 64, no. 6, 2018, pp. 537-542.
Gonçalves JRL, Jorge AP, Zanetti GC, et al. Religiousness is associated with lower levels of anxiety, but not depression, in medical and nursing students. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2018;64(6):537-542.
Gonçalves, J. R. L., Jorge, A. P., Zanetti, G. C., Amaro, E. A., Tótoli, R. T., & Lucchetti, G. (2018). Religiousness is associated with lower levels of anxiety, but not depression, in medical and nursing students. Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992), 64(6), pp. 537-542. doi:10.1590/1806-9282.64.06.537.
Gonçalves JRL, et al. Religiousness Is Associated With Lower Levels of Anxiety, but Not Depression, in Medical and Nursing Students. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2018;64(6):537-542. PubMed PMID: 30304312.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Religiousness is associated with lower levels of anxiety, but not depression, in medical and nursing students. AU - Gonçalves,Jurema Ribeiro Luiz, AU - Jorge,Arthur Pereira, AU - Zanetti,Guilherme Cia, AU - Amaro,Elisângela de Assis, AU - Tótoli,Ricardo Tonim, AU - Lucchetti,Giancarlo, PY - 2017/08/25/received PY - 2017/11/02/accepted PY - 2018/10/11/entrez PY - 2018/10/12/pubmed PY - 2018/11/1/medline SP - 537 EP - 542 JF - Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992) JO - Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) VL - 64 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between religious and spiritual beliefs, anxiety and depression in medical and nursing students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with medical and nursing students from a Brazilian university. Students were randomly selected and filled out a questionnaire that contained sociodemographic, religious (Duke Religion Index), spirituality (Self-spirituality rating scale) and mental health - depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) data. Linear regression models were used to evaluate the association of R/E with mental health, with adjustments for sociodemographic variables. RESULTS: A total of 187 students (90.7%) were included in the study, 56.1% female, an average of 23 years old, and 69% were enrolled in the medical program. Of the students, 29.4% attended religious services once a week or more often, 10.7% had private religious activities once a day or more often, and the indexes of intrinsic religiosity and spirituality were moderate. In the linear regression, adjusted for sociodemographic variables, the religious attendance was the only factor associated with lower levels of anxiety (Beta: -0.178, p=0.026). The other dimensions of religiousness or spirituality were not associated with levels of anxiety and depression. CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that only the religious attendance was associated with the mental health of the medical and nursing students. These results demonstrate that some students use religious support in an attempt to minimize the negative effects of their university life. This support seems to be more effective when it involves participation in religious social activities in relation to private activities. SN - 1806-9282 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30304312/Religiousness_is_associated_with_lower_levels_of_anxiety_but_not_depression_in_medical_and_nursing_students_ L2 - http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-42302018000600537&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -