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Antimicrobial activity of ceftaroline and comparator agents tested against organisms isolated from patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia in Europe, Asia, and Latin America.
Int J Infect Dis. 2018 Dec; 77:82-86.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the potency and spectrum of ceftaroline and comparator agents tested against contemporary bacteria isolated from patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) in Europe (EUR), Asia-Pacific (APAC), and Latin America (LATAM).

METHODS

A total of 4321 bacterial isolates were collected consecutively by the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program in 2015-2017 from 65 medical centers located in Western Europe (W-EUR; 21 centers in 10 nations), Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean region (E-EUR; 15 centers in 11 nations), APAC (18 centers in nine nations), and LATAM (11 centers in nine nations). Isolates were collected from lower respiratory tract specimens, and an isolate obtained from an outpatient or earlier than 48h after hospitalization was considered community-acquired. Organisms were tested for susceptibility by reference broth microdilution methods in a central laboratory.

RESULTS

Among Streptococcus pneumoniae (n=1736), 99.9% of isolates were ceftaroline-susceptible (MIC50/90, 0.008/0.12mg/l), and ceftriaxone susceptibility (≤1mg/l) ranged from 97.4% in W-EUR to 85.3% in the APAC region. Ceftaroline was also active against Haemophilus influenzae (n=1172; MIC50/90, 0.008/0.03mg/l; 99.8%/93.9% susceptible per CLSI/EUCAST criteria) and Staphylococcus aureus (n=777; MIC50/90, 0.25/1mg/l; 97.4% susceptible). Oxacillin resistance ranged from 31.9% in the APAC region to 15.0% in E-EUR. Ceftaroline also demonstrated potent activity against Moraxella catarrhalis (n=613; MIC50/90, 0.06/0.25mg/l) and Haemophilus parainfluenzae (n=23; MIC50/90, 0.015/0.03mg/l).

CONCLUSIONS

Susceptibility rates varied widely by geographic region. Ceftaroline was active against the vast majority of bacterial organisms isolated from patients with CABP.

Authors+Show Affiliations

JMI Laboratories, 345 Beaver Kreek Centre, Suite A, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA. Electronic address: helio-sader@jmilabs.com.JMI Laboratories, 345 Beaver Kreek Centre, Suite A, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA.JMI Laboratories, 345 Beaver Kreek Centre, Suite A, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA.JMI Laboratories, 345 Beaver Kreek Centre, Suite A, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA.JMI Laboratories, 345 Beaver Kreek Centre, Suite A, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30315990

Citation

Sader, Helio S., et al. "Antimicrobial Activity of Ceftaroline and Comparator Agents Tested Against Organisms Isolated From Patients With Community-acquired Bacterial Pneumonia in Europe, Asia, and Latin America." International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases, vol. 77, 2018, pp. 82-86.
Sader HS, Flamm RK, Streit JM, et al. Antimicrobial activity of ceftaroline and comparator agents tested against organisms isolated from patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. Int J Infect Dis. 2018;77:82-86.
Sader, H. S., Flamm, R. K., Streit, J. M., Carvalhaes, C. G., & Mendes, R. E. (2018). Antimicrobial activity of ceftaroline and comparator agents tested against organisms isolated from patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases, 77, 82-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.10.004
Sader HS, et al. Antimicrobial Activity of Ceftaroline and Comparator Agents Tested Against Organisms Isolated From Patients With Community-acquired Bacterial Pneumonia in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. Int J Infect Dis. 2018;77:82-86. PubMed PMID: 30315990.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antimicrobial activity of ceftaroline and comparator agents tested against organisms isolated from patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. AU - Sader,Helio S, AU - Flamm,Robert K, AU - Streit,Jennifer M, AU - Carvalhaes,Cecilia G, AU - Mendes,Rodrigo E, Y1 - 2018/10/10/ PY - 2018/08/10/received PY - 2018/10/01/revised PY - 2018/10/05/accepted PY - 2018/10/14/pubmed PY - 2019/1/19/medline PY - 2018/10/14/entrez KW - Ceftaroline KW - Haemophilus influenzae KW - Pneumonia KW - Streptococcus pneumoniae SP - 82 EP - 86 JF - International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases JO - Int J Infect Dis VL - 77 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potency and spectrum of ceftaroline and comparator agents tested against contemporary bacteria isolated from patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) in Europe (EUR), Asia-Pacific (APAC), and Latin America (LATAM). METHODS: A total of 4321 bacterial isolates were collected consecutively by the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program in 2015-2017 from 65 medical centers located in Western Europe (W-EUR; 21 centers in 10 nations), Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean region (E-EUR; 15 centers in 11 nations), APAC (18 centers in nine nations), and LATAM (11 centers in nine nations). Isolates were collected from lower respiratory tract specimens, and an isolate obtained from an outpatient or earlier than 48h after hospitalization was considered community-acquired. Organisms were tested for susceptibility by reference broth microdilution methods in a central laboratory. RESULTS: Among Streptococcus pneumoniae (n=1736), 99.9% of isolates were ceftaroline-susceptible (MIC50/90, 0.008/0.12mg/l), and ceftriaxone susceptibility (≤1mg/l) ranged from 97.4% in W-EUR to 85.3% in the APAC region. Ceftaroline was also active against Haemophilus influenzae (n=1172; MIC50/90, 0.008/0.03mg/l; 99.8%/93.9% susceptible per CLSI/EUCAST criteria) and Staphylococcus aureus (n=777; MIC50/90, 0.25/1mg/l; 97.4% susceptible). Oxacillin resistance ranged from 31.9% in the APAC region to 15.0% in E-EUR. Ceftaroline also demonstrated potent activity against Moraxella catarrhalis (n=613; MIC50/90, 0.06/0.25mg/l) and Haemophilus parainfluenzae (n=23; MIC50/90, 0.015/0.03mg/l). CONCLUSIONS: Susceptibility rates varied widely by geographic region. Ceftaroline was active against the vast majority of bacterial organisms isolated from patients with CABP. SN - 1878-3511 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30315990/Antimicrobial_activity_of_ceftaroline_and_comparator_agents_tested_against_organisms_isolated_from_patients_with_community_acquired_bacterial_pneumonia_in_Europe_Asia_and_Latin_America_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -